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0uw JWwultual WitlUp. 





FEBRUARY 1st, 1871. 



Des Moines, Iowa. 







Its origin 5 

The Congressional Grant 6 

Donations 9 

State Appropriations 9 

Endowment Fund 11 

Laws— Regulating sale of land 12 

Governing the College 14 

Relating to intoxicating liquors 17 

Experimental Farm 18 

Farm Buildings 18 

Nursery, Garden, and Orchard 19 

College Buildings 19 

Ornamental Grounds 20 


Appointment 21 

Examination 21 

Deposit 22 

Expenses 22 

Government 23 

Monthly statement 26 

Sunday exercises 26 

Manual labor 

VI Contents. 


Library 29 

Museum 29 

Herbarium 29 

Minerals 29 

Physical Cabinet 29 

Work shop 30 

Chemical Laboratory 30 



Agricultural Course 33 

Horticultural Course 35 

Course in Stock Breeding 35 

Nursery Course 36 

Mechanical Engineering 37 

Civil Engineering , 38 

Mining Engineering 39 

Architect ure 39 

Ladies' Course 40 

Norrr al Course 40 


Mathematics 42 

Book-keeping 43 

Physics 44 

Mechanics 45 

Chemistry 46 

Botany and Horticulture 47 

Pomology 48 

Practical Agriculture 48 

Landscape Gardening 48 

Literary Studies 49 

Music and Drawing 50 

Military Tactics and Engineering 50 


Contents. vu 




Report of the President — 

Officers and Salaries 66 

Classes taught in 1870 66 

Number of students in the different classes 68 

Representation of Counties 70 

Counties not Represented 71 

Sunday Exercises 72 

Manual Labor 72 

Library 73 

Ornamental Grounds 74 

Farmers' Institutes 75 

Officers 76 

Report of Farm Superintendent — 

Experimental Wheat 77 

Barley 78 

Oats 78 

Rye 78 

Corn 78 

Hay 79 

Potatoes 80 

Mangel Wurzels 80 

Carrots 80 

Turnips 80 

Permanent Improvement 81 

Tile Drain 81 

Preparations for 1 871 81 




viii Contents. 



Spring Work . • 93 

Plowing and laying out 93 

Experimental Potatoes 93 

Experimental Tomatoes 94 

Tile Drains 94 

Crops 93 

Rhubarb 94 

Asparagus 94 

Manuring and Plowing 94 

Material for Top Dressing 95 

Statement of receipts s> nd expenditures 95 



Cattle 98 

Horses 99 

Swine 99 


















■ ♦ ■ 

Ex-Officio — Hon. A. S. WELCH, Ames. 

Ex Officio —Gov. SAMUEL MERRILL Des Moines. 

1st District — Hon. O. H. P. BUCHANAN Mt. Pleasant. 

2c? District — Hon. J. D. WRIGHT Chariton. 

3d District — JAMES A. WOODBURY, Esq. . . .Leon. 

■Uh District— WASHINGTON ALLEN, Esq. . . .Sac City. 

5th District— Hon. G. F. KILBURN, Fontanelle. 

6th District— JOHN H. BACON, Esq Washington. 

7th District— Hon. C. E. LEFFINGWELL Wheatland. 

Sth District— Hon. O. O. STANCHFIELD Cedar Rapids. 

9th District— Hon. PETER MELENDY Cedar Falls. 

10th District— Hon. R. A. RICHARDiON Illyria. 

11th District— Hon. I. J. MITCHELL Boonsboro. 

12th District— Hon. C. W. TENNEY Plymouth. 


Hon. A. S. Welch President. ■ 

I. P. Roberts, Esq Secretary. 

Hon. S. E. Rankin Treasurer. 

Prof. G. W. Jones Cashier. 

General James L. Geddes Steward. 

Messrs. Wright, Buchanan, Mitchell, and Welch. 

Messrs. Stanchfield, Melendy, Leffingvvell, and Welch. 

Messrs. Tenney, Richardson, and Allen. 

Messrs. Bacon, Woodbury, Leffingwell. and Melendy. 


Messrs. Kilburn, Allen, and Tenney. 


A. S. WELCH, A. M., 


GEO. W. JONES, Jr., A. M., 












•The dntiei ofthle professorehip are divided for the time being between 
the l resident, Prol. Mathews, and Supt. Roberts}. 











+ To be appointed before tbe opening. 


First term begins March 8th. 

College Holiday May 1st. 

National Anniversary .... July 4th. 

First term examinations July 11th, 12th, and 13th. 

First term closes . July 13th. 

Second term begins July 18th. 

College anniversary October 21st. 

Anniversary sermon November 12th 

Second term examinations . . November 13th, 14th, 15th, and 16th. 

Society exhibitions Monday evening, November 13th. 

Address before societies Tuesday evening, November 14th. 

Address, Wednesd\y evening, November 15th. 

Closing exercises of Junior class, Thursday evening November 16th. 
Term closes November 16th. 

First Farmer's Institute opens December 19th. 

Second Farmer's Institute opens January 2d. 1872. 

Third Farmer's Institute opens January 16th, 1872. 



The act which established the Iowa Agricultural College for 
the purpose of giving academic instruction to the industrial 
classes, was passed by the State Legislature in eighteen hundred 
and fifty-eight. By the same act the sum of ten thousand dollars 
was appropriated to purchase a farm for the location of the 
College buildings, and for experiments in agriculture. 

Among the early enthusiastic friends of the enterprise thus 
inaugurated, were Hon. R. A. Richardson, Hon. B. F. Gue, Hon. 
Wm. Lundy, Hon. Charles Foster, J. B. Grinnell, Suel Foster, 
and Wm. Duane Wilson. 

The first board of trustees appointed under the act were M. W. 
Robinson. Timothy Day, John Wright, G. W. F. Sherwin, Richard 
Gaines, Suel Foster, J. W. Henderson, E. G. Day, John Pattee, 
Peter Melendy, Gov. R. P. Lowe, and Wm. Duane Wilson. The 
last named gentleman was for several years the Secretary of the 

In eighteen hundred and fifty-nine, the trustees selected and 
purchased a farm of six hundred and forty-eight acres, situated in 
Story county, on the line of the Northwestern Railway. 

In eighteen hundred and 6ixty-two, a bill was passed by Con- 
gress donating public lands to the several states and territories 
which may provide colleges for the benefit of agriculture and the 
mechanic arts. Annexed is a complete copy of the law referred 


" Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States in Congress assembled, That there be granted to the 
several states for the purpose hereinafter named, an amount of 
the public land, to be apportioned to each state, a quantity equal 
to thirty thousand acres for each senator and representative in 
Congress to which the states are respectively entitled, by the 
apportionment, under the census of 1860; Provided, That no 
mineral lards shall be selected under the provisions of this act. 

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the land aforesaid, after 
being surveyed, shall be apportioned to the several states in 
sections or sub-divisions of sections, not less than one-quarter of 
a section ; aud whenever there are public lands in a state subject to 
sale at private entry at one dollar and twenty-five cents per acre, 
the quantity to which said state shall be entftled shall be selected 
irom such lands within the limits of such state, and the Secretary 
of the Interior is hereby directed to issue to each of the states in 
which there is not the quantity of public lands subject to sale at 
private entry at one dollar and twenty-five cents per acre, to which 
said state may be entitled under this act, land scrip to the amount 
in acres for the deficiency of its distributive share ; said scrip to 
be sold by said states and the proceeds thereof to be applied to 
the uses and purposes prescribed in this act, and for no other use 
or purpose whatever : Provided, That in no case shall any state 
to which land scrip may thus be issued, be allowed to locate the 
same within the limits of any other state, or of any territory of 
the United States, but their assignees may thus locate said land 
scrip upon any of the unappropriated lands of the United States 
subject to sale at private entry at one dollar and twenty-five cents 
or less per acre ; and Provided further, That not more than one 
million acres shall be located by such assignees, in any of the 
states ; and Provided further, That no such location shall be made 
before one year from the passage of this act. 

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That all the expenses of 
management, superintendence, and taxes from date of selection 
of said lands previous to their sale, and all their expenses 
incurred in the management and disbursement of the moneys 
which may be received therefrom, shall be paid by the state to 
which they may belong, out of the treasury of said state, so that 
the entire proceeds of the sales of said lands shall be applied 
without any diminution whatever to the purposes hereinafter 

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That all moneys derived from 
the sale of the lands aforesaid by the states to which the lands 
are apportioned, and from the sale of land-scrip hereinbefore 
provided for, shall be invested in stocks of the United States, or 
of the states, or some other safe stocks, yielding not less than five 
per centum upon the par value of 6aid stocks ; and that the money 


College Grant. 

so invested shall constitute a perpetual fund, the capital of which 
shall remain forever undiminished, (except so far as may be pro- 
vided iu section fifth of this act), and the interest of which shall 
be inviolably appropriated by each state, which may take and 
claim the benefit of this act, to the endowment, support, and 
maintenance, of at least one college, where the leading object 
shall be, without excluding other scientific and classical studies, 
and including military tactics, to teach such branches of learning 
as are related to agriculture and the mechanic arts, in such man- 
ner as the legislatures of the states may respectively prescribe, 
in order to promote the liberal and practical education of the 
industrial classes in the several pursuits and professions of life. 

Sec. 5. Ar.d be it farther enacted, That the grant of land and 
land-scrip hereby authorized shall be made on the following con- 
ditions, to which, as well as to the provisions hereinbefore con- 
tained, the previous assent of the several states shall be signified 
by legislative acts : 

First. — If any portion of the ^-und invested as provided by the 
foregoing secii m y or any portion of the interest thereon shall, by 
any action or contingency, be diminished or lost, it shall be re- 
Diaced by the s'ate to which it belongs, so that the capital of the 
fund shall remain forever undiminished, and the annual interest 
shall be regularly applied, without diminution, to the purposes 
mentioned in the fouith section of this act ; except that a sum 
not exceeding ten per centum upon the amount received by any 
state under the provisions of this act, may be expended for the 
purchase of lands for sites or experimental farms, whenever au- 
thorized by the respective legislatures of said states. 

Second. — No portion of said fund nor the interest thereon, shall 
be applied directly or indirectly, under any pretense whatever, to 
the purchase, erection, preservation, or repair of any building or 

Third. — Any state which may take and claim the benefit of the 
provisions of this act must provide, within five years at least, not 
less than one college, as described in the fourth section of this 
act, or the grant to such state shall cease ; and said state shall be 
bound to pay the United States the amount received of any lands 
previously sold, and that the title to purchasers under the state 
shall be valid. 

Fourth. — An annual report shall be made regarding the progress 
of each college, recording any improvements and experiments 
made, with their cost and result, and such other matters, includ- 
ing state industrial and economical statistics, as may be supposed 
useful ; one copy of which shall be transmitted by mail free by 
each to all the other colleges which may be endowed under the 
provisions of this act, and also one copy to the Secretary of the 

Fifth.— When lands shall be selected from those which have been 
raised to double the minimum price, in consequence of railroad 

College Grant. 

grants, they shall be completed to the state at the maximum 
price, and the number of acres proportionately diminished. 

Sixth. — No state while in a condition of rebellion or insurrection 
against the government of the United States shall be entitled to 
the benefit of this act. 

Seventh. — No state shall be entitled to the benefit of this act, 
unless it shall express its acceptance thereof by its legislature 
within two years from the date of its approval by the President. 

Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That land-scrip issued under 
the provisions of this act, shall not be subject to location until 
after the first day of January, 1863. 

Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That the land officers shall 
receive the same fees for locating land-scrip issued under the 
provisions of tbis act, as is now allowed for the location of 
Military Bounty Land Warrants under existing laws : Provided, 
Their maximum compensation shall not thereby be increased. 

Sec. 8. And be it further enacUd, That the Governors of the 
several states to which scrip shall be issued under this act, sball 
be required to report annually to Congress all sales made of such 
scrip until the whole shall be disposed of, the amount received for 
the same, and what appropriation has been made of the proceeds. 
(U. S. Stat. 1861-2, p. 503.) 

The Ninth General Assembly, convened in extra session by 
proclamation of the Governor, passed an act — approved Sept. 11, 
1862 — entitled " An act to accept the grant and carry into execution 
the trust conferred upon the State of Iowa by o.n act of Congress, " 
entit ed " An act granting pvblic lands to the several states and 
territories which may prov de colleges for the benefit of agriculture and 
the mechanic arts, approved July 2d, 1862. " The State thereby 
accepted the grant upon the conditions and under the restrictions 
contained in said act of Congress, and required the Governor to 
appoint an agent to select and locate the land granted in said act, 
and providing that no lands shall be selected under said grant that 
are claimed by any county as swamplands, requiring said agent lo 
report to the Governor, and making it the duty of the Governor to 
lay the list of selections before the Board of Trustees of the Agri- 
cultural College at their next meeting for their approval, etc ;and 
appropriating $1,000 00 to carry out the provisions of the act.— 
(Acts Ex. Session, 1862, p. 25.) 

At a special session of the legislature, September, 1862, 
the Congressional grant was accepted for the State of Iowa, 
with all the conditions it imposes, and Hon. Peter Melendy 
was appointed by the Governor to select the lands so donated, 
within the limits of the state. At the rate of thirty thousand 
acres lor each member of Congress, the amount of land 
granted to Iowa would have been two hundred and forty thou- 
sand acres. But as Mr. Melendy, after a protracted examination, 
selected about li ft y thousand acres of railroad lands, at double 
the minimum price, the real amount certified to the State, under 


the Congressional grant, was two hundred and four thousand 
three hundred and nine acres. (See Endowment Fund.) 

At the next regular meeting of the Legislature, 1864, these 
lands were confirmed to the Iowa Agricultural College as a 
perpetual endowment. 


The following donations were made to the Agricultural College 
when the experimental farm was selected, in Story county : 

Story County Bonds $10,000.00 

Individual Contributions 5,340.00 

981 acres of land in Story and Boone counties. . . 6,015.00 

Total $21,355.00 


In the act establishing an Agricultural College, passed by the 
Seventh General Assembly in 1858, there were appropriated by 
the State — 

For the purchase. and improvement 

of land $10,000.00 

For the use and benefit of the College, 
the proceeds of the sale of five sec- 
tions of land, known as " Capitol 

Lands." Estimated at 16,000.00 

Total previous to Congressional 

grant $26,000.00 

In compliance with the conditions of the Congressional Land 
Grant, there have been appropriated by the State the following 

1862 By Ninth General Assembly — Extra Session. 

Sept. 11. For location of Congressional 

Grant $ 1,000.00—$ 1,000.00 

10 Appropriations. 

1864 By Tenth General Assembly. 
Mar. 22. To aid in erection of college build- 
ing 120,000.00— $20,000.00 

1866 By Eleventh General Assembly. 

Apr. 2. For completing college building . . $91,000.00— $91,000.00 

1868 By Twelfth General Assembly. 

Apr. 3. For heating and cooking apparatus, $10,000.00 

For professors' houses 12,000.00 

For water, clocks, and bell 2,000.00 

For outbuildings, and ornamental 

grounds 1,000.00 

For extra work on college building 3,000.00 

For use of farm, and other purposes 9,750.00 

Apr. 8. For completing college building . . 10 ,000. 00 -$17, 750. 00 

1870 By Thirteenth General Assembly. 

Apr. 13. For extending and completing 

wings of college building $50,000.00 

For building and completing labo- 
ratory 5,000 00 

For erection and completion of 
workshop 5,000 00 

For erection of gas house 500 00 

For farm improvements 2,000 00 

For seeds and plants for experi- 
mental grounds 500 00 

For tile draining 1,000 00 

For professor's dwelling-house .... 4 500 .00 — 68,500 00 

Total appropriation since Con- 
gressional Land Grant $228,250 00 

Add previous appropriations 26,000.00 

Total appropriations since found- 
ing of college $254,250.00 


The lands selected by Mr. Melendy in 1862 to be embraced in 
the Congressional grant were located in the following districts : 

Mailroad lands, received at double the minimum price, ($1.25.) 

Fort Dodge District 30,000 acres. 

Sioux City District 20,000 " 

Des Moines District 6,000 " 

Other lands, received at minimum prices. 

Fort Dodge District 85,000 acres. 

Sioux City District.... ■. 50,000 " 

Des Moines District 4,000 " 

Total 195,000 " 

By a subsequent addition to these figures the amount of land 
actually received from the general government was 204,309 acres, 
which became by legislative enactment in 1864 a perpetual endow- 
ment of the Agricultural College. 

At the same session of the Legislature in which this munificent 
endowment was confirmed to the Agricultural College, Governor 
Kirkwood and Senators Gue and Clarkson formed a scheme for 
realizing an immediate fund by leasing the lands, instead of offer- 
ing them for sale. This scheme was approved by the Legislature 
and passed into a law which authorizes the trustees to lease for a 
term often years any of the endowment lands. The lessee by the 
terms of the act pays annually in advance eight per cent, interest 
on the appraised value of the land, with a right to purchase at the 
expiration of the lease. In the case of failure in the prompt pay- 
ment of the interest when due, the land with all improvements 
reverts to the College. 

The lands embraced In the grant were subsequently appraised, 
and Hon. Geo. W. Bassett was appointed Agent of the Board at 


12 Laws. 

Fort Dodge, for the granting of leases, and the collection of 
interest money accruing therefrom. 

Under the efficient management of Mr. Bassett the lands have 
been leased, and the proceeds, when fully paid in, amount annually 
to thirty-six thousand dollars ; which sum is " appropriated," 
according to the terms of the Congressional grant, " to the 
endowment, support and maintenance" of the Agricultural College. 
Owing, however, to the forfeitures on account of the non-pay- 
ment of interest when due, the actual annual income of the Col- 
lege is not above thirty-one thousand dollars. 

The following are the laws regulating the sale and lease of 
College lands : 

Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Iowa, 
That all the lands granted to the State of Iowa, by the act of 
Congress entitled " an act donating public lands to the several 
States and Territories which may provide colleges for the benefit 
of Agriculture, and the Mechanic Arts," approved July 2d, 1862, 
which grant was accepted by said State of Iowa, by an act passed 
at the extra session of the Ninth General Assembly, approved 
September 11, 1862, be and the same are hereby granted to the 
Iowa State Agricultural College, situated on the College 
Farm in Story county, Iowa. The interest on the proceeds aris- 
ing from the sales of said lands, or any part thereof, and the rents 
accruing from the lease of any of said lands, are hereby appropri- 
ated to the endowment, support, and maintenance of said College, 
upon the terms, conditions, and restrictions contained in said Act 
of Congress and subject to such conditions and restrictions as 
future Legislatures of Iowa may impose.* 

The Trustees of the Iowa State Agricultural College a nd Farm, 
are hereby authorized to sell or lease all of said lands, upon the 
following conditions, regulations and, restrictions : None of 
said lands shall be sold for a less sum than fifty per cent, above 
the price that each piece of said lands respectively was appraised 
at, by the Trustees of the Agricultural College and Farm, in the 
year; 865, but may be sold by the purchaser paying one-fourth at 
the time of sale, and the balance at any time within ten years 
from the day of sale, the purchaser to pay eight per cent, interet 
per annum, annually in advance on the deferred payment. And 
a failure to pay the interest or the principal within sixty days 
after it becomes due, the purchaser shall forfeit all claim to said 

* Tent). General Assembly, ch. 117, p. 149. 

Laws, 13 

land, as well as that portion of principal and interest he had paid 
to the Agricultural College.* 

And to the party or parties purchasing said lands, the President 
of said College and Farm shall issue a certificate countersigned 
by the Secretary of said Board of Trustees, stating the fact of 
purchase, to whom sold, description of the land, terms of sale and 
the amount paid therefor. Upon presentation of such certificate 
to the Register of the State Land Office with the endorsement of 
the President or Treasurer of said Board thereon, showing full 
payment of the purchase money, and stating the amount thereof, 
said Register shall issue to the party or parties mentioned therein, 
or to their assigns, a patent or patents, for the tract or tracts of 
lands therein described, which patents shall be signed by the 
Governor and Register as other patents or tieeds tor lands con- 
veyed by the State, and shall convey all the right, title, and inter- 
est of the State to the lands therein described.! 

Any of said lands may be leased in amounts not to exceed 
160 acres, to any one man, for any term not exceeding ten years, 
the lessee to pay eight per cent, per annum in advance upon the 
price of said land, which is hereby declared to be fifty per cent, 
additional to the price at which each piece of said lands respect- 
ively, were appraised by the Trustees of the Iowa State Agricultu- 
ral College and Farm, in the year 1865, and the said lessee shall 
have the privilege of purchasing said land at or before the expi- 
ration of the lease, at the above described advance price. The 
lessee failing to pay the interest on said lease within sixty days 
from the time the same becomes due, shall forfeit his lease, togeth- 
er with the amount of the interest he has paid, and the improve- 
ments thereon. 

The money arising from the sale of said lands, shall be paid into 
the State Treasury, which shall be invested by the State Treasur- 
er, in bonds of the State of Iowa, or United States Registered 
bonds, as directed by the Act of Congress, granting said lands. 
And the moneys arising from the interest on the leases of said 
lands, shall be paid over to the Trustees of the Iowa State Agri- 
cultural College and Farm, to be loaned by said Board of Trus- 
tees, on good and sufficient security, until needed to defray the 
expenses of the College. t 

That said Board of Trustees be and they are hereby also au- 
thorized to sell in like manner, the five sections of land in Jasper 
county, which were originally granted to the State of Iowa to aid 
in the erection of public buildings, by act of Congress approved 
March 3d, 1845, and which have now, with the consent of Con- 
gress, been appropriated to the benefit of said Agricultural 

* Eleventh General Assembly, ch. 71, p. 6! 
t Tenth General Assembly, ch. 117, p. 149. 
% Eleventh General Assembly, ch. 71, p. 6! 

14 Laws. 

College and Farm, and that any and all sales of said lands, or any 
part or parts thereof, heretofore made by said Board of Trustees, 
be and the same are hereby approved, leg lized, and confirmed, 
and the purchasers thereof, or their assigns, shall upon present- 
ing to the Register of the State Land Office their certificates and 
endorsements, as required in section one of this Act, be entitled 
to receive patents as therein provided. 

That said Board of Trustees be, and they are hereby authorized 
to sell in like manner any and all lands which have been, or may 
hereafter be acquired, granted, donated, or appropriated for the 
use and benefit of said institution. 

The Secretary of said Board of Trustees shall, immediately 
afcer the sale of said lands, report the same to the Register of the 
State Land Office, giving a description of the lands sold, name of 
purchaser, and the date and terms of sale. 

All lands which have been or may hereafter be donated to and 
for the use of the Iowa State Agricultural College and Farm, 
shall be described and recorded in a book kept for that purpose in 
the office of the Register of the State Land office, and said Regis- 
ter shall in his Bienuial Report, give a full statement of the aggre- 
gate amount of lands recorded in his office for the purposes herein 
mentioned the quantity sold, and the price paid for the same. 

No lands shall be sold under the provisions of this Act, until 
the selections made by the agent appointed for that purpose, 
shall have been confirmed by the proper authorities at Wash- 

The Trustees of the Iowa State Agricultural College and Farm, 
are hereby endowed with all necessary authority to appoint 
agents, or do any other Acts to carry out the provisions of this 
Act as well as the provisions of Chapter one hundred and seven- 
teen, of the laws of the Tenth General Assembly ; and all parts or 
provisions of Chapter one hundred and seventeen, of the Acts of 
the Tenth General Assembly, conflicting with this Act, are here- 
by repealed.! 

Subjoined for convenient reference are the laws which 
govern and regulate the Agricultural College. 

Be it enact r d by the General Assembly of the Slate of Iowa, That 
there is hereby established a State Agricultural College, and 
Model Farm, to be connected with the entire agricultural inter- 
ests of the Stated 

Said College and Farm shall be under the management of a 

Tenth General Assembly, ch. 117, pp. 150 and 151. 
Eleventh General Ansembly, ch. 71, p. 63. 
Seventh General Assembly, ch. 91, p. 173. 

Laws. 15 

Board of Trustees, compo&ed of one member elected from each 
judicial district. The Governor, and the President of the State 
Agricultural College and Farm, shall be ex-officio members of the 

The General Assembly, at each biennial session, shall elect 
one hall of said Board of Trustees, who shall serve for four years, 
from the first of May after their election. 

Any vacancies in the Board of Trustees,caused by death, remov- 
al from the district or the State, resignation, or failing to qualify 
within sixty days after their election, may be filled by a vote of a 
majority of the members of said Board. * 

The President of the College shall be President of the Board of 
Trustees. It shall be his duty to preside at all meetings of the 
Board. He shall control, manage, and direct the affairs of the 
College and Farm herein established, subject to such rules as 
may be prescribed by the Trustees.! 

The annual meeting of the Board of Trustees shall be held at 
the Agricultural College, on the first Wednesday of December in 
each year.J 

Said Board shall have power to elect a President for the State 
Agricultural College and Farm, and in the absence of the Presi- 
dent, a President pro tempore, a Secretary, and such other officers 
as may be required in the transactions of the business of the 

To make all necessary rules and regulations for the government 
of the College and Farm. 

To purchase lands, and erect buildings thereon in accordance 
with the further provisions of this act. 

To keep a full and complete record of all their proceedings, and 
do such other things as may be found necessary to carry out the 
intent and meaning of this act. 

The Trustees shall receive no compensation except for mileage 
in traveling to and from the meetings of the Board, which shall be 
at the same rate, and computed in the manner as the mileage 
allowed to members of the General Assembly ; and the Auditor of 
the State is hereby authorized to audit and allow the claims for 
such attendance upon not more than three meetings annually. 

A majority of the Board of Trustees shall be a quorum for the 
transaction of business.^ 

The Board, of Trustees shall at any meeting have power to select 
a competent person for Superintendent of the Agricultural 
College Farm. 

The Superintendent shall reside on the Farm, and shall, under 
the direction of the Trustees, take charge of the Farm and property 

*. Eleventh General Assembly ch. 47, p. 41. 

j\ Seventh Geneial At-s.mbly, ch. 91, p. 173. 

J. Thirteenth General A3-emblv, ch. 144, p. 183. 

ft. Seventh General Assembly, ch. 91, p. 173. 

16 Laws. 

of every description connected therewith, and in the manage- 
ment thereof shall be governed by such rules and regulations as 
the Board of Trustees may from time to time adopt. 

The Superintendent shall act as Secretary of the Board of Trus- 
tees, and shall keep a record of their proceedings. He shall also 
keep a strict account of all receipts and expenditures connected 
with the Farm, and all improvements, including buildings ; and 
shall report in writing to the Board at their regular meeting in 
December of each year, a full account of all his transactions. He 
shall also report at such other times as the Trustees may deem 
necessary. His books shall at all times be subject to the inspec- 
tion of any one of the members of the Board. 

The Superintendent stiall receive for his services a salary of one 
thousand dollars per annum, to be paid quarterly from the State 
treasury in the same manner as is provided by the law for the 
payment of the salaries of the State officers. 

The Superintendent shall, before entering upon the discharge of 
the duties of his office, execute a bond in such sum, and with such 
sureties, as the Trustees may require, for the faithful performance 
of his duties. He may at any time be removed from office by a 
vote of two-thirds of the members of the Board of Tr. stees. * 

The Board of Trustees shall elect a Treasurer, at their annual 
meeting in each year, who shall receive and keep all moneys 
ari ing frum the sale of the products of the Farm, or from any 
other source, and give bonds in such sum as the Board of Trus- 
tees may require. He shall pay over all moneys upon the war- 
rant of the President, and countersigned by the Secretary. He 
shall render annually, in the month of December, to the Board of 
Trustees, and as often as may be required by the said Board, a 
full and true statement of all the moneys received and disbursed 
by him. t 

The College year [fiscal] shall commence on the first day 
of December of each year, and terminate on ttie 30th day of 
November of the following: year ; the biennial report of the Board 
of Trustees shall be filed in the office of the Governor not later 
than the 15th day of December preceding the regular meeting of 
the Legislature. The Governor shall cause four thousand copies 
of the report to be printed, and bound in paper, and distributed as 
follows : Two thousand copies of which shall be furnished to the 
Agricultural College, and the balance to be distributed as pro- 
vided by chap. 114 of the laws of the Tenth General Assembly. 

The President, Secretary, Treasurer, and Cashier shall take and 
subscribe the oath provided in Section 2180 of the Revision of 
1860. % 

*■ Tenth General Assembly, ch. 121, p. 154. 
t Eleventh Getaernl Ahsi mbly, ch. 47, p. 41. 
% Thirteenth General Assembly, ch. 144, p. 184. 

Laws, 17 

The course of instruction in said College shall include the fol- 
lowing branches, to-wit : Natural Philosophy, Chemistry, 
Botany, Horticulture, Fruit Growing, Forestry, Geology, Miner- 
alogy, Animal and Vegetable Anatomy, Meteorology, Ento- 
mology, Zoology, Veterinary Art, Plane Mensuration, Leveling, 
Surveying, Book-Keeping, and such Mechanic Arts as are 
directly connected with Agriculture ; and also such other studies 
as the Trustees may from time to time prescribe not inconsistent 
with the purposes of this act. 

The Board of Trustees shall establish such professorships as they 
may deem best to carry into effect the provisions of this act. 

Tuition in the College herein established shall be forever free to 
pupils from this State over fourteen years of age, and who have 
been residents of the State six months previous to their 
admission. Applicants for admission must be of good character, 
able to read and write the English language with ease and cor- 
rectness, and also to pass a satisfactory examination in the funda- 
mental rules of arithmetic. 

The Trustees, upon consultation with the professors and 
teachers, shall from time to time establish rules regulating the 
number of hours, to be not less than two in winter and three in 
summer, which shall be devoted to manual labor, and the com- 
pensation therefor ; and no student shall be exempt from such 
labor except in case of sickness or other infirmity. 

The Board shall elect annually from the teachers or more 
advanced pupils, a competent book-keeper, who shall keep an 
accurate account of all the receipts and disbursements of said 
College and Farm from all sources. He shall also keep a minute 
and accurate account with each held, and of each crop, which 
shall embrace the time and manner of cultivation, the amount of 
seed, and the products, condition of the field before planting and 
sowing, and alter harvesting, and kind and amount of fertilizers 
used, also a list of animals, and the value thereof, kept on the 
farm, and the treatment of the same; also a daily register of the 
weather, of all of which he shall make an annual statement, or 
synopsis of the same to the Secretary of the Board of Trustees.! 


Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Iowa, That 
from and after tne fourth of July next, no person shall open, 
maintain, or conduct, any shop or other place for the sale of 
wine, beer, or spirituous liquors, or sell the same at any place 

+S eventh General Assembly, ch. 91, p. 173. 


18 Experimental Farm. 

within a distance of two miles from the Agricultural College, in 
Story county : Provided, That the same may be sold for sacrament- 
al, mechanical, medical, or culinary purposes. 

ADy person violating the provisions of this act shall be pun- 
ished on conviction by any court of competent jurisdiction, by a 
fine not exceeding fifty dollars for each offense, or by imprison- 
ment in the county jail for a time not exceeding thirty days, or by 
both such fine and imprisonment.* 

Approved, April 7, 18b8. 


The farm originally purchased for the use of the Agricultural 
College, comprises six hundred and forty-eight acres, and fur- 
nishes a great variety of soils for different experiments. It is 
watered on the east side by Squaw creek, and by Clear creek on 
the north ; and near the center are two never failing springs of 
pure water. On three sides, east, north, and west, the farm is 
bordered by groves of timber, embracing in all one hundred and 
sixty acres of the finest woodland. The entire farm is fenced; 
about three hundred acres are under the plow, and are cultivated 
by the labor of students. By vote of the Board of Trustees, May 
1870, an addition of one hundred and ninety acres, lying north 
of the farm, has lately been purchased. This tract will supply 
grazing for the stock, which must largely increase to answer the 
necessities of the College. 

(See Superintendent's report.) 


The farm buildings consist of a large two story farm house of 
brick, forty by eighty feet, the residence of the Superintendent : 
a stock barn, forty-two by seventy-two feet, with a basement for 
stables and a story above for storing hay and grain : a horse barn 
of brick, thirty by forty feet : and sheds for tools, shelter of stock, 
etc., etc. The barn contains also a large corn crib, and a hen- 

* Twelfth General Assembly, ch. 142 p. 201. 

College Buildings. 19 


The Nursery, lying to the east of the college building, contains 
about three acres. There are now growing in it about ten 
thousand evergreen, and deciduous trees, wnich are to be used in 
filling the park. 

Immediately to the north of the college is the Vegetable Garden , 
containing seven and one-half acres, laid out in rectangular blocks. 
It is used for raising such vegetables as are needed for the supply 
of the boarding hall, and for testing new varieties, and making 
any other experiments of interest and use in this department. 

East of the vegetable garden and adjoining it, are four acres 
which are devoted to strawberries, currants, blackberries, grapes, 
etc., and known as the Small Fruit Garden. It now contains 
about fifteen thousand strawberry plants, four hundred grape 
vines, besides a fair representation of other small fruits. 

The young Orchard is situated north-west of the college, on the 
west line of the farm, where it is well protected by a large grove 
of timber. There are now about three hundred of the hardier 
sorts of apple trees set in it, at a distance of twenty-five feet apart. 


The main College Building which contains the dormitories, reci- 
tation rooms, chapel, library, museum, &c, &c, is one hundred and 
fifty-seven, by sixty-one feet on the ground, and four stories high, 
with a basement for dining-room, kitchen, store-rooms, &c, &c. 
It is located in the center of an enclosure of one hundred and 
ninety acres, which contains the vegetable garden, vineyard, 
orchard, nursery, ornamental grounds, and various buildings 
belonging to the College. Two new wiDgs of the main building, 
for which the last legislature appropriated fifty thousand dollars, 
are being constructed, and will be ready for occupation in 
the spring of 1872. The present building supplies dormitories for 
a hundred and sixty students. When the wings are added it will 
accommodate two hundred and twenty. 

20 Ornamental Grounds. 

West of the college building are the Work Shop, and Laboratory; 
the former a wooden building furnished with suitable tools, and 
containing a steam engine which drives various machines for 
laundry and other purposes ; the latter a brick structure sixt y 
by thirty feet, with one story for students in analytical chemistry, 
and a basement which furnishes apparatus and lecture rooms, for 
general chemistry and physics. Southward from the college at 
proper distances from each other, are three professor's houses 
built of brick, one in process of construction for Prof. Anthony, 
the other two being the residences of Prof. Jones and the Presi- 


The grounds in the vicinity of the college building have been 
laid out with care, and ornamented with lawns, shriibbery, and 
trees. A broad terrace immediately in front is bordered with 
flowering plants and shrubs. • Over a mile of graveled road has 
already been constructed, and more than a thousand evergreens 
planted in groups on the borders. It is believed that in a few 
years the college grounds will become the finest specimen of 
landscape gardening in the state. 



The present College building accommodates one hundred and 
sixty students. By law, each representative district is entitled to 
6end one person for each member in the Assembly. Candidates 
for admission should, when possible, make application through 
the superintendent of common schools for their county, and his 
certificate of good character and scholarship, will give preference 
over other applicants equally deserving. Should any district fail 
to send its quota at the beginning of the term, or should rooms be 
vacant after the several districts are fully represented, then any 
persons, residents of the State, of good character and scholarship, 
and of proper age, will be received upon application to the Presi- 
dent ; care being taken to distribute the students equally, as near 
as may be, over the State. 

The preparatory department heretofore belonging to the College 
has been discontinued. 

No person may enter the Freshman class at an earlier age than 
fourteen years, nor any higher class except with a corre- 
sponding increase of age. Parents are earnestly advised not to 
send their children here at an earlier age than sixteen years, 
unless they have attained to unusual maturity of character. 


Candidates for admission will be be examined in English Gram- 
mar, Reading, Writing, Spelling, Geography, Arithmetic, and the 
Rudiments of Algebra so far as Simple Equations. These several 
branches lie at the foundation of a good scholarship, and profi- 
ciency in each and all of these will be a condition of admission. 


22 Expenses. 


Accepted candidates will deposit $10 with the Cashier, as a 
security for the payment of their bills, and have their names 
entered upon his books. After which they are considered as 
being members of the College, in full standing, and entitled to all 
its privileges. 


Students pay actual cost for board, fires, light, laundry, use of 
musical instruments, damages to the property of the College 
when caused by themselves, a fair part of the chemicals consumed 
by themselves, care and general repairs of the College buildings 
and furniture, and for such other incidental expenses as specially 
belong to them as a body. 

Students pay nothing for tuition and rent, nor for the general 
expenses of the College. Students are paid for their labor at its 
value to the College, the rate per hour varying from three to nine 

Hereafter upon entering the College, each student will deposit 
ten dollars with the Cashier, as a security for the payment of his 
bills. He will settle all bills for each month, at the Cashier's 
office, on the second Saturday of the month following, the original 
deposit being retained till final settlement. Any student who 
neglects to make such monthly settlement, except for reasons 
satisfactory to the President, may be dismissed by him for such 

Damages to the College property will be charged to the 
damager if known, but if its author is undiscovered it will be 
assessed upon the section where it occurs, or upon the whole 

Students supply themselves with bedding and towels, and with 
carpets if they desire them. All other furniture, including 
matrcsses, is supplied by the College. 

Government. 23 

For the past year the rates of charge have been as follows : 

For board $3.00 per week. 

For fires and lights 25 " " 

For use of piano 50 " " 

For laundry, (per dozen pieces.) 50 

A fair estimate of expenses for next year may be set down as 
follows ; 

For board 36 weeks $108.00 $108.00 

For laundry 5.00 to 15.00 

For fires and lights 9.00 9.00 

For repairs and incidental expenses 9.00 9.00 

For books and stationery 10.00 to 20.00 

$141.00 to $161.00 

In addition to the above, charges will be made to students of 
certain classes as follows : 

For use of piano and organ $18.00 

For chemicals $10.00 to $20.00 

Students' earnings vary with their age, health, strength, and 
previous knowledge and skill, the time they devote to labor, and 
their general efficiency. The past year students have earned in 
6ome instances as much as $120, and have, by economy, fully paid 
their College expenses. An average of earnings for the past year 
has been $54, including the young, the sick, and the inexperienced. 


No institution of learning can accomplish its object fully with- 
out the aid of wholesome regulations. By reason of the introduc- 
tion of manual labor and military drill, the organization of the 
Agricultural College is exceedingly complicated. Hence the ne- 
cessity in its management of accurate system, and of prompt and 

24 Government. 

punctual movement. Moreover because our students board, lodge, 
study, and recite in the same building, the maintenance of uni- 
form order and quiet is indispensable. For these reasons it is re- 
quired that no disorder shall ever distract the attention of the 
student, from the matter in hand, whether it be study, recitation, 
or manual labor. The Faculty inflict no penalties for any offenses, 
or delinquencies, neither do they impose unwholesome restraint 
by petty exactions. In sustaining the government they rely 
solely on moral influences. So long as the student attends to his 
duties with regularity and promptness, the offieers will give him 
their confidence, sympathy, and help, but whenever neglect of 
duty and disregard for law, render his stay no longer profitable 
either to himself or the College, they will require him to with- 

The success of the College in sustaining good order and steady 
progress, is due largely to a system of self-government, which has 
been in operation nearly two years. The control of order and 
quiet in the rooms and halls, is entrusted entirely to the students. 
The occupants of the building are divided into seven sections, two 
of ladies, and five of gentlemen ; the sections corresponding 
with the halls in which they room. At the opening of the term 
each section meets, ratifies the rules of order, and chooses a judi- 
cial officer. The seven officers so chosen constitute a council or 
court. A captain, and lieutenant are next chosen, who have 
charge of the section, and report any violation of law to the 
council. The council at a regular meeting tries the offender, and 
if he is found guilty, records the offender by means of certain de- 
merit marks. The minutes of the council are read to the Faculty 
at their regular meetings. The result of this system is that disor- 
der in the rooms and halls, is of rare occurrence. The subjoined 
laws passed by the Faculty regulate the election, and define the 
duties of the officers of the sections and of the council. 

" At the beginning of each term there shall be elected from each 
section one councilman, one captain, and one lieutenant. No 

Government. 25 

student who is a law breaker shall be eligible to any office of trust 
no honor in the College. 

•'It shall be the duty of the council to try all offenses reported 
by the captains of sections, and to report their proceedings to the 
faculty, at such times as the faculty may require. The council 
shall hold two regular meetings each week for the purpose above 
named, at such time and place as may be most convenient. The 
council shall organize by choosing a president, and a secretary from 
their own number, whose duties shall be the ordinary duties of 
such officers in deliberative assemblies. 

"The business of the council shall be' limited to the trial of 
offenses reported by the captains of sections. The president of the 
council shall in every trial preside as judge, and he shall appoint 
one member thereof to couduct the prosecution, and one for the 
defense of the accused, and the trial shall be confined strictly to 
the offense reported. 

"The accused shall be present during his trial, and shall have the 
privilege of cross-questioning witnesses in person, or by his attor- 
ney. The verdict, and the number indicating the degree of 
demerit, shall each be given by vote of the council, in which the 
president shall have only the casting vote. 

"It shall be the duty of each captain, and of his lieutenant in the 
captain's absence, to preserve order in his section according to 
law, and report all violation of law to the councilman of his sec- 
tion, who shall file such report in the President's office for the 
secretary of the council. The captains of sections, and their lieu- 
tenants shall meet once each week with the President at his office, 
for informal report as to the condition of the government in their 
sections, and to consult as to the best means of securing harmony 
and efficiency of action, 

"When the demerit marks of any student reach five in number, 
he will be warned by the President in private ; when his demerits 
reach ten, the President will again warn him, and advise his 
friends of such action, with the reasons therefor ; for fifteen de- 
merits ho shall be required to withdraw from the college. 

26 Monthly Statement. 

"The Faculty reserve the right to try all cases of disorder, diso- 
bedience, or immorality not herein enumerated. 

"The Faculty reserve the right to expunge the demerit marks of 
any student, when less than five in number, upon his subsequent 
blameless conduct." 


The President will send by mail to the parents or guardian of 
each student a monthly statement of his cone uct, and progress in 


The following are the exercises for Sunday : Students who 
desire it, attend some one of the churches at Ames, in the fore- 
noon ; at the College, Nine A. M., Bible history; Eleven A. M., 
meeting for singing sacred songs ; Three P. M., preaching in the 
chapel; Seven P. M., students' prayer meeting. Attendance on 
all these exercises is optional, except preaching at Three P. M , 
when the presence of all the students is required. 


It is required by statute that Manual Labor, an average of two 
hours and a half per day, should be as regular on the part of the 
student as the daily recitation. No regulation could be more 
salutary than this. Protracted study without adequate exercise 
is injurious alike to muscle and brain. With rare exceptions the 
students have engaged in daily out door work with a heartiness 
which has been very gratifying to the officers of the College. 

The purposes which manual labor subserves in the Agricultural 
College may be briefly stated : 

1. It is one of the educating forces. Our system, and method 
of instruction make manual labor by the students indispensable. 
It is impossible to illustrate the application of the principles of 
science to processes in the industrial arts without daily practice 

Manual, Labor, *.'7 

of the eye and hand. It is our earnest intention to make scientific 
knowledge practical and familiar, by applying it to its various 

2. It is iutended that manual labor shall give the student 
expertness in one or more of the different handicrafts. The farm, 
garden, nursery, orchard, and workshop are our auxiliaries in the 
accomplishment of this important purpose. 

3. Manual labor furnishes a means of regular exercise, which 
is far more wholesome than recreation taken irregularly at the 
inclination of the student. It imparts genuine physical culture, 
aud is the true antidote for the multitude of diseases to which 
sedentary life is liable. 

4. Manual labor has a wholesome moral effect on the College. 
It tends to give students habits of regular industry, keeps them 
in sympathy with the industrial classes, and promotes respect for 
honorable toil. 

It must be confessed that we have not as yet, except in a few 
instances, realized all these values of manual labor. At the out- 
set, in all such enterprises as ours, the rough jobs that require 
muscle are greatly in excess of the artistic jobs that require skill. 
But as the institution progresses, the nicer processes of the farm, 
garden, and orchard will preponderate over what may be called 
dead work, and manual labor may then be made to attain all its 
highest results. 

The Trustees at their last annual meeting, December 15, 1870, 
established the following rates of payment for the year 1871 : 


Students working on the farm, or doing other heavy work whic 
is not instructive, shall be paid at the rate of from three to nine 
cents per hour. 


Students laboring in the garden, orchard, or ornamental grounds, 

28 Manual Labor. 

under the instruction of the proper officers, shall be paid at the 
rate of from three to seven cents per hour. 


Students laboring in the work shop shall be furnished with tools, 
and all needed instruction, but shall receive no compensation 
until their labor is of value to the college, when they shall be 
paid the same rates as those laboring on the farm, deducting a 
moderate sum for the use of the tools. 


Young ladies laboring in the dining-room, kitchen, laundry, or 
bakery, shall be paid the rates received by young men laboring on 
the farm. 


Students may exercisa entire freedom in choosing the kind of 
labor they desire to engage in, except when such labor is already 
fully supplied. 


All labor by students shall hereafter be supervised personally 
by an officer of the college. 



A nucleus for a library was begun last year. It now 
numbers upwards of twenty-five hundred volumes, including 
besides the standard English authors, valuable scientific works, 
such as Audubon's Birds and Mammals, Michaux's Sylva,and a good 
collection of books on Agriculture and the Mechanic Arts. 
Constant additions are being made. 


The museum contains the Shaffer collection of Mam- 
mals, Birds, and Reptiles, illustrating the fauna of our state. 

In the College Herbarium there are now about six hun- 
dred species represented, about three hundred of which belong to 
our flora ; the remainder coming from Michigan and New York. 
This collection will soon be made complete so far as the plants of 
this State are concerned. 


Dr. Foote's cabinet of Minerals, consisting of about 
five thousand specimens, many of them very rare and valuable, 
is accessible to the students studying Mineralogy. This collec- 
lection is undoubtedly the finest in the West. 


The Physical Cabinet at present comprises apparatus lor the 
illustration of a portion only of the subject of Physics, but this 
apparatus is the finest that could be procured. The following are 


30 Workshop, 

some of the instruments that will he available the coming term : 
An Atwood's machine, a large air-pump, a complete Melloni's 
apparatus, apparatus for the liquefaction and solidification of 
carbonic acid, an indicator for measuring steam pressure in the 
cylinder of a steam engine, a large Holtz electric machine, and 
an induction coil. 

A considerable sum of money will be expended in making ad- 
ditions to the collection of apparatus before the close of the 
present year. 


A Workshop has been erected and furnished with sets of car- 
penters' tools, and lathes for wood and metal. The machinery is 
driven by a fifteen horse power Corliss engine, which is itself a 
very valuable piece of apparatus. 


The new Chemical Laboratory has been furnished with tables, 
furnaces, sandbaths, balances, and other apparatus, both for 
general and analytical chemistry. Provision has been made for 
supplying gas and water to each table. 


There can be no question as to the purpose of the Iowa Agricul- 
tural College. The wording of the Congressional Grant from 
which our endowment arises, is pointed and explicit. It declares 
" That the leading object shall be, without excluding other scien- 
t ilic and classical studk s, and including military tactics, to (each such 
branches of learning as are related to agriculture and the mechanic arts, in 
order to promote the liberal and practical education of the indus- 
trial classes, in the several pursuits and professions of life." 

Objects of the College, 31 

No doubtful construction of such language is possible. The 
principal clause anuounces in precise English that " the leading 
object shall be, to teach such branches of learning as are related 
to agriculture and the mechanic arts," and the gist of the ad- 
juncts which set forth the final purpose is " To educate the indus- 
trial classes for their pursuits in life." 

In accepting the munificent grant, which, under skillful man- 
agement, already yields an income of thirty thousand dollars a 
year, the State of Iowa accepted also the conditions it imposes, 
and the Trustees have no alternative but to fulfill these conditions 
in an honest and liberal spirit. If the objects of the institution 
are to teach the branches related to agriculture and the mechanic 
arts, then the leading courses of study should be largely composed 
of these branches, the leading professors should have these 
branches in charge, and the whole equipment of the institution 
should help to illustrate and give them prominence. But if the 
public faith, pledged in receiving the Congressional Grant, re- 
quires that this institution be, in spirit and scope, a college of 
agriculture and mechanic arts, it also requires that these depart- 
ments of study should be co-ordinates — in other words, that each 
should be provided with all the facilities which are needful for its 
complete development. 

The spirit of the law forbids that, in the organization, one 
should be subordinate to the other, and if there is found any dif- 
ference in the state of these departments in actual operation, it 
must arise from the nature and number of the sciences related to 
each, and from the educational necessities of the state. The grant 
contemplates simply that full opportunity should be given to 
both, and not that both should be taught by an equal number of 
professors, or attended by an equal number of students. 

The enactment of Congress provides further, that military tac- 
tics shall be included among the branches to be taught, but does 
net make instruction in it a leading object. The language em- 
ployed clearly implies that it was not the intention of Congress 

32 Objects of the College. 

to require that military science should be made a separate depart- 
ment of instruction, but that it should hold a rank subordinate 
to the main design. The purpose of the congressional enactment 
will in this particular be fully gained if military tactics and en- 
gineering be thoroughly taught to advanced students in all the 
departments. It need hardly be added that the language of the 
grant, in not excluding other scientific and classical studies, 
implies simply that their instruction to an extent compatible with 
the leading objects, is not forbidden. Instruction in scientific 
and classical studies not connected with agriculture or the me- 
chanic arts, is permitted if such studies are deemed necessary to 
give range and completeness to the college courses, but the crea- 
tion of a department of general science and literature which 
should overshadow' the departments essential to the enterprise, 
would be a manifest violation of the spirit and intent of the 
national law. 

Briefly then, in strict conformity to the conditions of the Con- 
gressional Grant, the trustees have organized two co-ordinate 
departments, namely, that of Agriculture, and that of the Me- 
chanic Arts — have made them the principal departments of the 
college, and given them all proper facilities and means of illus- 

The trustees have further provided for instruction in Military 
Tactics but have made it an adjunct of the principal departments. 

The trustees include other scientific and classical studies, but 
make instruction in these subordinate to the main design of the 


(all studies optional.) 




FIRST TERM.— Analysis of English Language : Rhetoric. 
German, French. 
Freehand Drawing. 

SECOND TERM.— English Literature. 

German, French. 
Freehand Drawing. 


FIRST TERM.— General Chemistry. 

Trigonometry and Surveying. 

Horticulture; Lectures on hot-bed culture, 
propagation of plants, seedlings, grapes, and 
small fruits. 

3 33 

34 Agricultural Course. 

SECOND TERM.— General Chemistry and Qualitative Analysis. 

Stock Breeding ; Lectures. 
Farm Engineering; Lectures on plowing, 
draining, and fencing. 


FIRST TERM.— Quantitative Analysis. 
Vegetable Physiology. 
Orchard Culture. 
Landscape Gardening. 
SECOND TERM.— Physics. 

Agricultural Chemistry, with analysis of soils, 

manure, &c. 
Farm Engineering : Lectures on road-making, 

water supply, farm machinery, and rural 



FIRST TERM.— Mineralogy and Geology. 
Political Economy. 

Comparative Anatomy and Physiology. 
Formation of Soils. 
Rotation of Crops. 
Management of Stock. 
8ECOND TERM.— Psychology. 

Veterinary Science and Practice. 

Constitutional Law. 

Fruit Culture. 


Cultivation of Crops. 


Course in Stock Breeding, 35 


For the Freshman, Sophomore and Junior years the course is 
identical with the Agricultural course. 


FIRST TERM. — Mineralogy and Geology. 
Political Economy. 

Comparative Anatomy and Physiology. 
Formation of Soils. 
Market Gardening. 

SECOND TERM.— This course is identical with the Agricultural 

Students in this course have special privileges and instruction 
in the practical operations of the Garden. They may at their 
option have their labor exclusively confined to it. 


For the Freshman, Sophomore and Senior years the course is 
identical with the Agricultural course. 


FIRST TERM. — Quantitative Analysis. 
Vegetable Physiology. 

History of Different Breeds of Domestic Ani- 
Landscape Gardening. 

36 Nursery Course. 

SECOND TERM.— To the studies of the Agricultural course, add 
the Treatment and Training of Dcmestic Ari- 

Students in this course have special privileges and instruction 
in the care of Domestic Animals, treatment of their Diseases, 
&c, and may be confined to this work if they so choose. 


For the Freshman year the course is identical with the Agricul- 
tural course. 


FIRST TERM. —Same as Agricultural Course. 
SECOND TERM.— To the Agricultural Course add the Manage- 
ment of Seedlings and Small Fruits. 


FIRST TERM. —To the Agricultural Course add Grafting and 

SECOND TERM.— To Agricultural Course add Cultivation and 

General Management of the Vineyard. 


FIRST TERM. —For Stock Breeding in the Agricultural Course, 
substitute Flowers and Flowering Plants. 

SECOND TERM.— To the Agricultural Course add Soils for differ- 
ent Fruits. 

Students in this course have special privileges and instruction 
in the care and management of the Nursery, the Orchard, and 
Vineyard, and they may at their option confine their labor to 
them exclusively. 




FIRST TERM. —Analysis of English Language : Rhetoric. 
German, French.. 
Freehand Drawing. 

SECOND TERM.— English Literature. 

German, French. 
Freehand Drawing. 


FIRST TERM. —General Chemistry. 

Trigonometry and Surveying. 




SECOND TERM.— Analytical Geometry. 
Descriptive Geometry. 
General Chemistry and Qualitative Analysis. 


Course in Civil Engineering. 


FIRST TERM. — Differential and Integral Calculus. 


Shades, Shadows, and Perspective. 

Landscape Gardening. 
SECOND TERM.— Physics. 


Machine Drawing. 


FIRST TERM. — Mineralogy and Geology. 

Political Economy. 

Theory of Motors. 

Designing, and Machine Drawing. 
SECOND TERM.— Psychology. 

Constitutional Law. 

General Study of Models. 

Strength of Materials. 


For the Freshman, Sophomore, and Junior years the course is 
identical with the course in Mechanical Engineering. 


FIRST TERM. — Mineralogy and Geology. 
Political Economy. 
Theory of Motors. 

Special Exercises in the Field, with Drawings, 
Calculations and Reports. 

Course in Mining Engineering. 

SECOND TERM.— Psychology. 

Constitutional Law. 
Strength of Materials. 
Stone Cutting. 
Bridge Construction. 


For the Freshman, Sophomore, and Junior years the course is 
identical with the course in Mechanical Engineering. 


FIRST TERM. — Mineralogy and Geology. 
Political Economy. 
Theory of Motors. 
Quantitative Analysis. 
Designs and Drawings of Mining Machinery. 

SECOND TERM.— Psychology. 

Constitutional Law. 
Mine Surveying. 
Practical Mining. 
Strength of Materials. 


For the Freshman, Sophomore, and Junior years the course is 
identical with the course in Mechanical Engineering. 

40 Ladies Course, 


FIRST TERM. — Mineralogy and Geology. 
Political Economy. 

History and Principles of Architecture. 
Detailed Study of the Different Orders. 
Architectural Drawing. 

SECOND TERM— Psychology. 

Constitutional Law. 
Architectural Designs. 
Strength of Materials. 
Stone Cutting. 

Students in the Mechanical Department may at their option 
have all their lahor in the workshop, and thus learn practically 
the use of tools and machines. 


The ladies are permitted to study any of the branches in the 
Agricultural and Mechanical Courses, and in addition, at choice, 
Elocution, Study of Words, English Classics, Elements of Criti- 
cism, Domestic Economy, Instrumental Music. 


The Normal Course aims to give special training to those of 
both sexes who choose to teach, either for a long or a limited 
period in the schools of the State. This institution, while accom- 
plishing its special mission, will make some contribution to the 

Normal Course. 41 

educating forces outside its walls. No state, however it may 
multiply normal schools, can make provisions adequate to its 
wants in this regard. We shall endeavor to do our part among 
the noble workers who are striving to increase the number of 
efficient teachers for the public schools. Many students from all 
our departments employ the annual winter vacation in teaching. 
There is arranged, for such, a short course of normal instruction. 

The course of lectures for the Normal Department includes the 
following subjects: Organization and Government of Schools ; 
Methods of Teaching ; Primary Instruction ; Natural order of 
Studies corresponding to the order of evolution of the intellectual 
powers ; Mental Philosophy as applied to the work of the school- 
room ; Rigid review of the common branches. 

The above course of lectures will be given during the last month 
of the college year. 



The course of instruction in mathematics pre supposes a tho- 
rough knowledge of arithmetic, and the rudiments of algebra so 
far as simple equations. 

It occupies two and a half years for its completion, and may be 
divided into a Lower and a Higher Course. The former occupies 
one and a-half years, and embraces : 


First Term. — Algebra ; Loomis' Treatise. 

Second Term.— Plane, Solid, and Spherical Geometry— .Loomis. 


First Term.— Plane and Spherical Trigonometry, Mensuration, 
Plane and Topographical Surveying, and Leveling — .Loomis. 

The Higher Course occupies one year, and embraces : 

Second Trm. — Analytical Geometry.— Church. Descriptive 
Geometry. — Church. 


First Term. — Differential and Integral Calculus.— Church. 
Shades, Shadows, and Perspective. — Church. 

The Lower Course is designed to meet alike the wants of the Ag- 
riculturist and the Engineer. It gives so much of mathematics 


Book-keeping. 43 

as is necessary for the business man, the farmer and the mechanic ; 
including all that Is subordinate to book-keepiDg, the simpler kinds 
of engineering, particularly farm engineering, and the general 
study of science ; and sufficient to inure the mind to the work, and 
give it the habits of vigorous logic. The Higher Course is designed 
to lay a broad and sure foundation for the study of mechanics, 
and th bigher departments of science, and for the more difficult 
problems of engineering. 

The subjects are taught by text-books, and daily recitations, 
accompanied by the free use of the blackboard, and the solution 
of numerous problems, by lectures, and by carefully constructed 
drawings. In Surveying, students practice in the field with instru- 
ments two hours daily, by divisions, throughout the first term of the 
Sophomore year. They keep notes of their surveys, and from them 
make all necessary drawings, calculations, and reports. In Descrip- 
tive Geometry, and Shades, Shadows, and Perspective, students are 
taught the use of drawing instruments, and are required to con- 
struct carefully in India ink all important problems. 


The instruction in v ook-keeping is given in connection with 
the lessons, and exercises in Bryant & Stratton's larger text-book. 
Each student opens and keeps a full set of books in double entry ; 
writes business letters, contracts, receipts, bank checks, accounts 
of sales, bills of lading, and other business and legal papers ; rules, 
and keeps the various auxiliary books useful in different kinds 
of business ; makes balanced statements ; computes interest and 
per centage, partial payments, partnership, and equation of pay- 
ments ; files and preserves vouchers, and in general does what he 
might do if in charge of the books of a large house, and compli- 
cated business. These books and papers are shown in class, com- 
pared, and criticised. In addition tri-weekly recitations are made 
upon the principles involved, and their applications. To this 
subject are given three days per week for the first term of the 
Freshman year. 

44 Department of Physics. 


The course of instruction in this department is as follows : 


Second Term. — Laws of equilibrium of solids, liquids, an 1 
gases. Special attention will be given to the laws relating t<^> 
the pressure of fluids, Mariotte's law, and specific gravity. Heat^ 


First Term.—Ee&t completed. The course of instruction in 
this subject will embrace the steam engine, the heating power 
of different fuels, warming and ventilation, etc., etc. Nume- 
rous pratical problems will be given to familiarize the student 
with the applications of the principles. Statical electricity. 

Note. — The class of 1873 will commence heat at the beginning 
of the Spring Term, 1871. 

Second Term. — Acoustics, including the theory of undulations. 
This subject will embrace the laws of generation and propagation 
of sound, the theory of music, and the study of vibratory move- 


First Term — Optics, including the Mechanical Theory of Heat. 
The Undulatory Theory of Light will be the basis of the course 
of instruction in this subject. The phenomena of reflection, 
refraction, interference, and polarization, will be studied from 
that standpoint. The formulae for lenses and mirrors, and for 
achromatism, and the construction and use of the various optical 
instruments, will be included in the course. 

Second Term. — Dynamical Electricity, Magnetism, and Electro- 
magnetism. The course of instruction in this subject will 

Mechanics and its Applications. 45 

include, besides the general principles and phenomena, electrical 
measurements, and the electric telegraph. 

L^V^T** I thiS de P artment > which will consist of recita- 
ls from text-books, and lectures illustrated by experiment, 
will occur two or three times a week. Students will have an 
opportunity to perform experiments with their own hands. 

This subject is pursued by the mechanical students during the 
XfectT"' ^ C ° UrSe ° f iDStrUCti0n embraces ^e following 

First Term.-TheoreticalMechanics: Representation and measure- 
ment offerees; composition and resolution offerees; principles 
of moments and virtual moments ; theory of parallel forces; 
centre of gravity. 

Elementary Machines : Friction and other resistances 
General Equations of Motion : Motion in straight lines ; uniform 

and varied motion ; curvilinear motion ; centrifugal force ; moment 

of inertia ; laws of impact; center of percussion 
Vvork: Work done in overcoming resistances; work done in 

woTr\ rUa; aCCUmulation ^ work; measuremen of 
work done by motors and consumed by various machines 

Mechanics of Fluids: Laws of pressure ; center of pressure • 
buoyancy and notation; tension and elasticity of gl^d 

Flow of Liquids: Through orifices, over weirs, in pipes and 
open channels ; living force of liquids. 

Second Term.-Applied Mechanics: Stability of structures- 
equn lbrmm of arches; trugsed roofg and J ^ct™ 

hTr a ; nd tU r iar t bridgeS; " *—; ovei^hot" 

;esT: a rgL wheeis; turbiDes; steam ■*-« ™* 

46 Chemistry. 

A series of exercises, such as the construction of models and 
simple pieces of apparatus, will be arranged for the mechanical 
students, to give them some knowledge of mechanical methods, 
and some degree of skill in the use of tools. 

In connection with the study of mechanics, students will take 
indicator diagrams from the engine, and from these estimate its 
power, consumed by various machines, by means of the dyna- 

The mechanical work rendered necessary by improvements in 
and about the College buildings, will be performed as far as prac- 
ticable, by the students, and for this they will receive compensation 
proportioned to the value of their services to the College. 

The course in Chemistry occupies two years, as follows. 

General Cliemistry. — The subject will be taught by lectures and 
recitations three times a week throughout the year ; and in 
addition to this, the student will work in the Laboratory six 
hours each week, there performing with his own hands the experi- 
ments described in the text-book, or witnessed in the Lecture 

During the last half of the Second Term, Qualitative Analy- 
sis will take the place of general experiments in the Laboratory. 


First Term.— Organic Chemistry and Quantitative Analysis, 
daily exercises of three hours each. The course will embi ace those 
portions of Organic Chemistry that are of special interest to the 
Agriculturist, and of special application on the farm. 

Second Term. — Agricultural Chemistry, two exercises a week. 
Analysis of Soils and Manures, six hours each week. 

Department of Botany and Horticulture. 47 


The study of Botany is taken up by the Sophomores and con- 
tinued throughout the year, alternating with Mechanics It is 
again pursued by the Juniors in the Agricultural course for a 
period often weeks in the beginning of the year. 

As taken up in the Sophmore year it includes : 
A thorough study of Gray's " Lessons." 

Class exercises in the analysis of cultivated and indigenous ■ 

Botanical descriptions of species. 

A course of lectures upon the most important orders 

In addition to which, each member of the class is required 

to collect, press, mount, and accurately name a set of plants 

comprising one hundred different species. 

In the Junior year the study includes : 

Vegetable Physiology. 

An examinacion of the more important useful plants. 

Lectures on weeds and parasitic Fungi. 

Daring the whole course the subject is illustrated by means of 

xz^sr the college Herbarium > and a ia - — - 

The course of study in Gardening consists largely of instruction 
m practical garden work. Students taking this cou se ar e 
required to make themselves familiar with all the opera" ^ Tf 

h fo a oT n ' r; ^ 1 " ' g ° 0d d6gree ° f Ski11 in idling a 

the tools connected with their work. While at work, they are 

under the constant supervision of the Superintendent of th 

Garden, from whom they receive full instructions as to the best 

almost profitable methods of carrying on the various ^perl. 

The subject is also taken up in the class-room by lectures, as 

48 Pomology. 

well as by the study of Horticultural books, in which the grow- 
ing and preparation of seeds, construction and management of hot 
beds, cultivation, gathering, storing, and marketing of particular 
crops, together with the general management of market gardens, 
are discussed. 


In the study of this subject, the student takes up in succession, 
the propagation of seedlings, grafting and budding, and orchard 
and general fruit culture. The subject of small fruits is studied 
in its various branches of blackberry culture, strawberry culture, 
etc., while special attention is given to the propagation, manage- 
ment, and general culture of grapes. Throughout the whole 
course, students have opportunities for engaging in all the prac- 
tical operations connected with this subject, under the personal 
supervision of the Professor of Pomology. 


In addition to the regular studies of Botany, Zoology, Agricul- 
tural Chemistry, and Geology, there will be lectures embracing 
the following subjects in Practical Agriculture : 

In the Sophomore Tear. — Stock-breeding, Farm Engineering, 
Plowing, Fencing, and Drainage. 

In the Junior Year.— Road-making, Water Supply, Farm Ma- 
chinery, and Rural Architecture. 

In the Senior Tear.— Formation of Soils, Rotation of Crops, 
Management of Stock, Veterinary Science and Practice, and Cul- 
tivation of Crops. 


In the last half of the Spring Term, a course of daily lecturer 
on Landscape Gardening -will be given before the Juniors in aV 

Literary Studies, 49 

the departments. These lectures will embrace: Elements of 
beauty in a landscape ; landscape improvement on natural prin- 
ciples ; selection of site for buildings ; beautifying the grounds 
around dwellings; water— wells and springs; drainage; how to 
make a lawn ; trees— deciduous and evergreen ; transplanting ; 
grouping ; ornamental roads ; beauty of the various styles of 
architecture ; and drawing of plans for ornamental grounds. 

Students in this course will have opportunities for actual prac- 
tice in laying out roads, drafting plans, etc. 


First Term.- The literary studies include : Rhetoric ; English 
Analysis ; German and French. Students choose at least one of 

Rhetoric is taught by familiar lectures, and put in practice by 
frequent compositions. 

Students in German will use Woodbury's Method ; those in 
French, Fasquelle's. 

During the last half of the term, practice is given in writing 
French and German exercises. 

Second Term. — French and German are continued with col- 
loquial and written exercises. 

The class takes at its option either Elements of Criticism, or 
English Literature, taught by recitations and lectures. 
Essays once a week. 


First Term.— German and French, at the student's option. 
Exercises once in two weeks in English composition. 
Second Term.— Exercises in composition. 

50 Instrumental Music. 


First and Second Terms.— An original speech or essay by each 
member of the class, in the Chapel, once in two weeks. 


First Term, — Political Economy, and Constitutional Law ; the 
latter study by lectures. 

Second Term. — Mental Philosophy will be taught by lectures, 
with recitations aud essays by the class. 


Lessons on the piano, with regular practice, may be taken at 
the choice of the students. 


Drawing lessons alternate with Book-Keepiug throughout the 
first term of the Freshman year ; and in the first term of the 
Junior year practice in Landscape Drawing alternates with Land- 
scape Gardening. 


This department established pursuant to act of Congress, will 
be sustained in strict conformity with United States Army Regu- 
lations. The course embodying the following branches of study 

Military Engineer in;/. — Field and permanent fortifications; mili- 
tary bridges ; and mining, topographical ; and free hand drawing. 

Military Tactics. — Infantry, cavalry, artillery, bayonet, and 
broad sword exercise. 

Gunnery and Ordnance. — Theory a>f Projectiles ; Siege, Artillery 
and Mortar practice. 

Military Tactics and Engineering. 51 

Military La ;<>.— Practice of Courts-Martial ; United States Army 

Practical Instruction will be given in some one of the different 
arms of the service three times a week. Inspection of arms and 
accoutrements, and dress parade every Saturday. 

The following branches will be taught through the successive 
collegiate years : 

Freshman. — Schools of the soldier and company. 

Sophomore. — Practical instruction in the schools of the soldier 
and company ; Field Artillery, Bayonet, and Sword exercises. 

Junior.— Schools of the Soldier and Company ; Bayonet and 
Sword exercise. 

Senior.— Military Engineering ; School of the Battalion ; Ord- 
nance and Gunnery : Cavalrv Tactics ; Military Law. 

All male students of the college except such as may be excused 
by proper authority, are expected to attend all military exercises 
in their respective classes. 

Students desiring military uniforms of the approved pattern, 
will be furnished with the same at cost price, upon their deposit- 
ing with the cashier of the college the amount required, together 
with their proper measurement. 

Spring Term. 

Time Table. 


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Farm Engineering. 
Agrl Chemistry. 
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Agr'l Chemistry. 
Farm Engineering. 








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farmers' institutes. 

At least three Farmers' Institutes will be held in different parts 
of the State during the winter vacation. 

(See dates in the Calendar.) 

These Institutes will open on Tuesday evening, and continue to 
Friday evening of the same week. 

The sessions during the day will be occupied with lectures and 
discussions on Stock Breeding and Management ; Fruits and Fruit 
Growing ; Farm Architecture ; Farm Engineering ; Farm Accounts ; 
Raising of Crops, &c, &c. 

Public addresses on subjects connected with Agriculture will be 
given in the evenings. 

A Farmers' Institute may be secured at any localitv, in the order 
of application, by forwarding a written request to the President 
of the College, signed by fifty farmers who desire to attend all the 

It is expected that the current expenses of the lecturers will be 
paid by those in whose interest the Institute is held. 






Anderson, General Dubuque Dubuque. 

Arthur, J. C Agr Charles City Floyd. 

Austin, Frank E Mech . . . Anamosa Jones. 

Bell, Nellie J '....Ottumwa Wapello. 

Brown, James E Mech . . . Garnavillo Clayton. 

Brown, Preston S Agr Fayette Fayette. 

Carter, James Mech. ..Ottumwa Wapello. 

Cessna, Orange Agr Nevada Story. 

Churchill, Selden A Agr.... Davenport Scott. 

Devin, David T Mech . .Des Moines Polk. 

Devin, George Mech ..Des Moines Polk. 

Dickey, Shannon H Mech ..Mt. Pleasant Henry. 

Dietz, Charles N Mech ..Anamosa Jones. 

Foster, Emma A Ottumwa Wapello. 

Foster, Luther Mech ..Ottumwa Wapello. 

Fuller, Harry Agr Ottumwa Wapello. 

Fulton, William N Columbus City. . .Louisa. 

Harvey, Francis L Agr Springvale Humboldt. 

Hay ward, William C Mech . .Forest City Winnebago. 

Howard, Charles G Mech ..Decorah Winneshiek. 

Hungerford, Edgar M Agr... .Ottumwa Wapello. 



Catalogue of Students. 

Locke, Mattie A 

Macomber, John K Agr. 

Maine, Alice M 

Marshall, Miller F Mech 

Mullen, George M.* 

Newton, F. Augusta 

Noy es, Laverne W Agr . 

Page, Henry L Mech 

Patrick, Walter H Agr. 

Prime, Mary A 

Kamsey, George W Agr . 

Redlingshaffer, Lizzie A 

Reese, Roland L . Agr . 

Schee, Nathan , Agr. 

Shane, Ida Aline 

Shankland, Edward C MtcJi 

Smith, Charles A Mich 

Smith, Wing W Agr., 

Spencer, Henry C Agr. 

Stanton, Edgar W Mech 

Stevens, John L Mech 

Suksdorf, Charles L Agr . 

Swafford, Calvin G Mech 

Thompson, Tom L Mech 

Tillotson, Charles H Mech 

Wellman, Calvin P Agr.. 

Wells, John M Mech 


...Vinton Benton. 

...Lewis Cass. 

...Magnolia Harrison. 

. . Knox vil le Marion. 

. . : Nevada Story. 

. ..Ames Story. 

. ..Springville Linn. 

Montana Boone. 

. . .Independence Buchanan. 

. . . Ames Story. 

. ..Winthrop Buchanan. 

. . .Chariton Lucas. 

...Newton Jasper. 

. ..Sandy ville Warren. 

...Vinton Benton. 

:. Dubuque Dubuque. 

..Camanche Clinton. 

...Charles City Floyd. 

. . . Grinnell Poweshiek. 

..Ames Story. 

..Belle Plaine Benton. 

..Walcott Scott. 

. .Solon Johnson. 

..West Union Fayette. 

..Ames Story. 

. .Forest City Winnebago. 

..Nevada Story. 


Aldrich, II. Hudson Swede Point. 

Aldrich, Julia M Swede Point. 


* Deceased. 

Catalogue of Students. 59 


Baker, Arthur Cedar Falls Black Hawk. 

Baker, Warren C Ames Story. 

Beard, Edtrar L Frankville Winneshiek. 

Bishop, E. W Blairstown Benton. 

Burnham, George W Waukon Allamakee. 

Carlton, E. D Red Oak Junction. . .Montgomery. 

Carter, Lucy A Prairie City Jasper. 

Craighead, Albert Cedar Bluffs Cedar. 

Cramer, Rollo C Fort Dodge Webster. 

Crombie, Frank H Davenport Scott. 

Devin, Sarah Des Moines Polk. 

Duraont, Thomas... Uuion Ridge Butler. 

Dungan, Horace G ... . Chariton Lucas. 

Edson, Ena E Blairstown Benton. 

Elwood, Milton S Toledo Tama. 

Fitzpatrick, Sarah Ames Story. 

Flower, George Addison Humboldt. 

Garst, Charles E Montana Boone. 

Gleason, M. R Marshalltown Marshall. 

Granger, A. H Elkader Clayton. 

Guthrie, W. S Xenia Dallas. 

Hagerty, Thomas D Clarksville Butler. 

Hambleton, Sallie Nevada Story. 

Hardy, Benjamin R Swede Point Dallas. 

Hardy, Sarah E Swede Point Dallas. 

Harris, H. C Des Moines Polk. 

Harrow, Albert G Otiurawa Wapello. 

Harvey, George W Toledo Tama. 

Haskell, Alice E Maquoketa Jackson. 

Hastings, Charles P Muscatine Muscatine, 

Hathaway, George B D ivenport Scott. 

Hawkins, Allen M Ottumwa Wapello. 

Hopkins, Eva J Swede Point Boone, 

Catalogue of Students, 


Howes, E. S Waukon Allamakee. 

Hoyt, Nora A Camanche Clinton. 

Humphrey, Edgar C Charles City Floyd. 

Hunt, Nina Sioux City Woodbury. 

Kellogg, Theodore D Ames Story. 

Kent, David A Elkhart Polk. 

Ketner, Charles F Oskaloosa Mahaska. 

Kinsel, J. W Cambridge Story. 

Krater, Kate Algona Kossuth. 

Lee, John S Eagle Bremer. 

Long, Ira Boone. 

Long, Newton Boone. 

Lull, George M Greeley Delaware. 

Maben, Charles B Concord Hancock. 

Marshall, Richard J Ames Story. 

Mclntire, W. A Ottumwa Wapello. 

Morgan, Horace W Pella Marion. 

Nelson, N. P • Bedford Taylor. 

O'Donnell, William H Clinton Clinton. 

Overman, Lizzie Cedar Falls Black Hawk. 

Paull, Eva E Sigourney Keokuk. 

Peake, Warner H Onawa Monona. 

Pipher, John Avon Polk. 

Porterfield, Charles E Council Bluffs Pottawattamie. 

Raybourn, Hattie E Swede Point Dallas. 

Redlingshaffer, John S Chariton Lucas. 

Riley, John Dubuque Dubuque. 

Robbins, Melissa A Leon Decatur. 

Robinson, Willie O Vinton Benton. 

Schee, Emma E Sandy ville Warren. 

Schee, Oliver M Sandy ville Warren . 

Scott, Warren M Montana Boone. 

Sears, Millard F Onawa Monona. 

Catalogue of Students. 61 


Siddell, Mary H Clinton Clinton. 

Smith, Levi H Ames Story. 

Sprague, Henry M Jefferson Greene. 

Stalker, Mi'.likan Richland Keokuk. 

Stalker, Sarah Richland Keokuk. 

Swigert, Rudy Mineral Ridge Boone. 

Taylor, Emma F Keosauqua Van Buren. 

Thomas, George W Burlington Des Moines. 

Thomas, N. W Nashua Chickasaw. 

Thompson, Horace W Solon Johnson. 

Van Buren, Herman Langford '.Chickasaw. 

Wattles, Mason J Glidden Carroll. 

Wellman, Fannie L Forest City Winnebago. 

Wells, Leonard Webster City Hamilton. 

Whitney, William H Bowen's Prairie Jones. 

Whitten, John Doud's Station Van Buren. 

Williams, Ella J Clermont Clayton . 

Williams, Herrick Huron Des Moines. 

Williams, L. E Montrose Lee. 

Young, Clara M Vinton Benton. 


Adkins, Arminta Carlisle Warren. 

Appleman, E. W Clermont Fayette. 

Bacon, William H Washington Washington. 

Baldwin, Thomas B Council Bluffs Pottawattamie. 

Bard well, Sarah Ames Story. 

Baxter, Walton Ames ' Story. 

Beard, Hammond Frankville Winneshiek. 

Brown, Edward A Solon Johnson. 

Buchanan, Robert W Mt. Pleasant Henry. 

Colclo, Mary A Carroll Carrolk 

62 Catalogue of Students. 


Conway, John W Lansing Allamakee. 

Domberg, Isaac Montana Boone. 

Dudley, Charles L Agency City Wapello. 

Dudley, Winnifred Ames Story . 

Dungan, W. W Chariton Lucas. 

Eastwood, George Ames Story. 

Eastwood, Mary Ames Story. 

Evans, Lafayette Ames Story . 

Foster, Alice E Ottumwa Wapello. 

French, Mary A Blairstown Benton. 

Graham, Mary H Delhi Delaware. 

Gray, Robert Davenport Scott. 

Green, George A Muscatine Muscatine. 

Harris, Curtis Des Moines Polk. 

Hart, Kate Polk City Polk. 

Higgins, Andrew J Lake City Calhoun. 

Hoggatt, Ella Ames Story. 

Hubbard, Leonard W Monmouth Jackson. 

Hutchinson, Nettie Grand View Louisa. 

lies, Thomas H Davenport Scott. 

Jackson, F. 1) Jessup Buchanan. 

Johnson, Orville C Carroll Carroll. 

Johnson, Ruth O Carroll Carroll. 

Kendall, John Ames Story. 

Kiesel, George W Guttenburg Clayton. 

Kuntz, Alice Polk City Polk. 

Lamoreux, William R '. .Sac ..Sac. 

Lee, Thomas F Eagle Bremer. 

Lyon, George B Maquoketa Jackson. 

Maben, Juy I) Concord Hancock. 

Manbeck, John J Des Moines Polk. 

Mathews, Ad slalde Knoxville Marion. 

McGarger, Alfred T Nevada Story. 

Catalogue of Students. 


McCartney, George A Vinton Benton. 

McClure, Robert 11 Grundy Centre Grundy. 

McFadden, George B Ames Story. 

M c Kee, Clara Washington Washington . 

Merideth, C. P Ontario Story. 

Moore, Belle Montana Boone. 

Moyer, Flora M Jessup Black Hawk. 

Moyer, W. F Jessup Black Hawk. 

Nash, Stephen C Cherokee Cherokee. 

Nicholson, Charles R Lake City Calhoun. 

Overman, Edward Cedar Falls Black Hawk. 

Overman, Henry C Cedar Falls Black Hawk. 

Palmer, Mary A Ogden Boone. 

Parsons, A. A Fayette Fayette. 

Paxton, William A Ames Story. 

Porch, Anna Ames Story. 

Porter, W. H Ames S tory. 

Price, John M Carroll Carroll. 

Pulver. Civilea Ames Story. 

Ralyea, Frank R Vinton Benton. 

Randleman, Winfield R Carlisle 'Warren. 

Rankin, John Q. A Des Moines Polk. 

Roberts, Mary Ames Story. 

Rugheimer, George Muscatine Muscatine. 

Russell, Robert. W Wyoming Jones. 

Secor, Leonard H Forest City Winnebago 

Shearer, Belle Ames Story. 

Stone, Emma E Nevada Story. 

Thompson, James G Boonesboro' Boone. 

Thomson. James R Davenport Scott. 

Venum, James M Grundy Centre Grundy. 

Waite, Altana D Montana Boone. 

Welch, Genevieve Ames Story. 

64 Catalogue of Students. 


"Welch, William B Ames Story. 

Whitaker, E. W. .. Indianola Warren. 

Wood, John S Boonesboro' Boone. 

Wright, Alonzo B Des Moines Polk. 

Wright, Frank P Chariton Lucas. 

Tount, Eva Carlisle Warren. 


Sophomore Class 48 

Freshmen Class 88 

Preparatory Class 82 

Total 218 




[DECEMBER, 1870.] 

Dec. 7th. Board met. No quorum being present, adjourned to 
Dec. 14th. 

Dec. 14th. Board met pursuant to adjournment, President 
Welch in the chair. All present except Messrs. Merrill, and 

Upon motion J. A. Woodbury, was elected to fill vacancy occa- 
sioned by the resignation of J. H. Woodbury. 

President's report read, and referred to appropriate Committee 
as follows: * 

Gentlemen of the Board : 

The Iowa Agricultural College closed its second year on the 
17th of November, 1870. 

The plan of organization adopted by the Board on the 20th of 
October, 1868, has been successfully carried out , the officers in 
charge of the various departments of instruction, have maintain- 
ed a steady harmony of council and action. The students have 
been, with few exceptions, industrious and law-abiding, and the 

5 65 


President's Report. 

entire enterprise has attained a prosperity which realizes largely 
the hopes of its founders, and the State. 

The following list embraces the officers of 1870, with their re- 
spective salaries annexed : 

A. S. Welch, A.M., President $3000 

George W. Jones, A.M., Professor of Mathematics, and 

Cashier 2400 

James Mathews, Professor of Pomology 2000 

Wm. A. Anthony, Professor of Physics and Mechanics 2000 

lbej^EjFooie^ M.D., Assistant Professor of Chemistry 1000 

arles E. Bossey, Instructor in Botany and Horticulture... 1000 
Gen. James L. Geddes, Steward, and Professor of Military 

Tactics and Engineering Board and 1200 

Miss Mary Lovelace, Preceptress 800 

Miss Augusta Mathews, Teacher of Instrumental Music 650 

Miss Lillie Beaumont, Teacher of French and German 650 

Total paid for salaries for eleven months, from 
January 1 to December 1, 1870 $11,008.65 



Taught by the President— 

Freshmen Class. — Rhetoric 60 

Taught by Prof Jones — 

Fr<shmcn Class.— Algebra 88 

Bookkeeping 70 

Sophomore Class. — Trigonometry and Surveying 35 

Taught by Prof. Mathews— 

Fruit Culture, by lectures. .Whole College 

President's Report, 67 

Taught by Gen. Geddes— 

Military Tactics 55 

Taught by Dr. Foote— 

Sophomore Class.— Chemistry 38 

Taught by Prof. Bessey— 

Sophomore Class.— Botany 43 

Taught by Miss Beaumont — 

Sophomore Class. — German 24 

Freshman Class.— German 26^V 

Preparatory. —English Analysis 16 

Taught by Miss Mathews — 

Instrumental Music 25 

Taught by Miss Lovelace— 

Preparatory Class. — Arithmetic 30 

—Geography 25 

Taught by Mr. T. L. Thompson— 

Preparatory Class.— English Grammar 25 


Taught by the President — 

Fieshman Class.— Elements of Criticism 50 

Normal Class 56 

Taught by Prof. Jones — 

Freshman Class.— Plane Geometry 72 

Sophomore Class.— Analytical Geometry 20 

Taught by Prof. Anthony— 

Freshman Class.— Physics 20 

Sophomore Class.— Mechanics 15 

Descriptive Geometry 19 

68 President's Report. 

Taught by Prof. Mathews— 

Fruit Culture, by lectures. Whole College. 

Taught by Gen. Geddes — 

Military Tactics 60 

Taught by Dr. Foote— 

Sophomore Class t — Chemistry 30 

Taught by Prof. Bessey — 

Sophomore Class. — Zoology 24 

Freshman Class. — Physiology 45 

Taught by Miss Beaumont — 

Sophomore Class. — German 24 

Freshman Class. — German 27 

Freehand Drawing 50 

English Analysis 26 

Taught by Miss Mathews — 

Instrumental Music 28 

Taught by Miss Lovelace— 

Preparatory Class. — Mental Arithmetic 48 

Commencing Algebra 55 

Taught by Mr. T. L. Thompson— 

Preparatory Class. — English Grammar 30 

Taught by Mr. J. K. Macomber — 

Preparatory Class. — Arithmetic 25 

Of the students enrolled in the Sophomore class of the college, 
the first term, there were— 

Young men 40 

Young ladies 8 

Total in Sophomore class 48 

President's Report. 69 

Number enrolled in the Freshman class. 

Young men 62 

Young ladies 21 

Total in Freshman class 83 

Number admitted to the Preparatory Department. 

Young men 43 

Young ladies 14 

Total in Preparatory Department 57 

Whole number of young men 145 

Whole number of young ladies 43 

Total students in attendance 188 

Students rooming out of College Building 24 

Students rooming in College Building 164 

Total 188 

Of the students enrolled In the Sophomore class of the college, 
the second term, there were — 

Youug men 37 

Young ladies 7 

Total in Sophomore class 44 

Number enrolled in the Freshman class. 

Young men , 53 

Young ladies 20 

Total in Freshman class 73 

Number admitted to the Preparatory Department. 

Youug men 51 

Young ladies 24 

Total in Preparatory Department 75 


President's Report. 

Whole number of young men 141 

Whole number of young ladies 51 

Total students in attendance 192 

. Students rooming out of College Building 33 

Students rooming in College Building 159 

Total 192 

Whole number of different students during the year.. 218 
Whole number rooming out of the building during 

the year 34 

Whole number rooming in the building during the 

year 184 

Total 218 


Sixty-one counties were represented in College during the year, 
as follows : 


Allamakee .. 





Black Hawk, 














1 pq 
































4 1 

















Cherokee. .. 


Des Moines. 







1 2 












President* s Report, 

















































sl o 





















Poweshiek.... , 




Sac , 

Taylor , 

Tama , 

Van Buren.... , 






Woodbury. ... 
























Whole number in Building 184 

Whole number out of Building 34 











Palo Alto. 




Buena Vista. 






Cerro Gordo. 




President's Report, 


















38 counties 


Religious exercises and instruction throughout the year, on 
Sunday, were as follows : 

At 9 A. M., Bible History : 1st term, by Miss Lovelace ; 2d term, 
by Gen. Geddes. 

At 11 A. M. Meeting for singing sacred songs, conducted by 
Miss Mathews. 

At 3 P. M. Preaching in the Chapel. 

At 7 P. M. Prayer meeting. 

Attendance of students on all these exercises was optional, 
except preaching at 3 P. M., when the presence of all students 
was required. 


I am gratified in being able to report a continued success in the 
department of manual labor. Throughout the year, the students 
have very generally done the work assigned them with cheer- 
fulness and spirit. All labor of the garden, orchard, nursery, 
vineyard, ornamental grounds, and nearly all the labor of the 
farm has been performed by the young men ; and the yonng 
women have, with an equa 1 zeal and energy, done almost the 
entire work of the dining-room, kitchen, and bakery. Still, the 
workers are so numerous, and the labor so various, that it is very 
difficult to manage this department so as to make it remunerative 
to the College. From two years' experience and careful obser- 
vation, I make the following suggestions: 

President's Report, 73 

1st. That the maximum rate of payment per hour to the young 
men be reduced at least one cent. 

2d. That the highest rate be paid for farm work, and other 
heavy work not specially educational in its character. 

3d. That work in the garden and orchard be paid at seven 
cents per hour, maximum rate. 

4th. That work, in any mechanic art, be estimated simply 
according to its value to the College, deducting the expense of 
supervision and the use of tools, provided it does not, in any case, 
exceed ten cents per hour. 

5th. That all students working in squads receive constant 
supervision and instruction from the proper officers. 

The cashier's report will show the several sums pail for labor 
on the different accounts. 

Total amount paid students during the year, $7,653.28. 


At the last annual meeting, $2,000 were appropriated for the 
nucleus of a library. This sum, added to $2,500, set apart the 
year previous for the same purpose, made $4,500 to be expended. 
In the latter part of January following, I visited the East for the 
purpose of investing the sum referred to, in such books as would 
meet our most pressing needs. I made purchases in Montreal, of 
Richard Worthington ; in Boston, of Little, Brown, & Co. ; and in 
New York, of several publishing houses, but principally of the 
Appletons, and Widdleton & Co. The American firms furnished 
their books invariably at 33 per cent, discount from retail prices ; 
some of them much lower. Worthington, of Montreal, offered 
books at 25 per cent below the discounted prices of Boston and 
New York, but his stock was so limited that I was able to obtain 
from him only about one-fourth of the books on my list. Some 
of the more valuable works purchased of Worthington, were re- 
bound in half calf, by Robert Miller, an excellent binder, of Mon- 
treal. Worthington's bill, amounting to $821.20, has not as yet 

74 President's Report. 

been paid, because he has since failed in business, and I find no 
proper authority for paying the amount due, to his assignee. 

The entire collection purchased consists of the standard works 
of English and American writers in prose and poetry. It contains 
also many books of high scientific value, such as " Audubon's 
Birds and Quadrupeds," "British Naturalist," &c, &c. Nearly 
all the volumes are in large type, on excellent paper, and bound 
substantially in half calf. The library, limited as it is, has been 
extremely useful during the year. 

The expenditure for books thus tar have been, in gross. . .$2330.66 

To which may be added unpaid bill of Worthington 837.25 

Other bills unpaid 115 70 

Total $3283 61 

For all of which the vouchers are ready. 

The library now consists of 2,235 volumes, of which 316 were 
brought from the Farm House Library. The library should in- 
crease, if possible, by yearly accessions. I earnestly hope that an 
appropriation of $2,000 may be made for this purpose for the 
coming year. 


A good degree of progress has been made this year in improving 
the ornamental grounds. Early in the spring over three hundred 
evergreens were purchased and planted on the borders of the 
roads. In the spring of 1869, I sent a squad of young men to the 
woods in charge of Preston S. Brown, to select young deciduous 
trees, and cut back their roots with the spade, so as to compel 
them to send out fibrous roots preparatory to safe transplanting. 
These trees to the number of 500, including nearly eveiy species 
that grows in this State, were taken up last spring, and planted 
in groups in various parts of the ornamental grounds. The 
drouth of last summer was the severest ever known in Iowa, and 

President's Report. 75 

yet only four out of the whole number died. All the trees trans- 
planted this year were, however, very carefully cultivated and 

We have opened and finished with gravel, on the ornamental 
grounds this year 190 rods of road, as follows : 

From the road passing the farm house via President's house, to 
the approach road, 103 rods. 

On the approach road, from a point six rods west of the new 
bridge, to the entrance of tne approach from the public road, 
sixty one rods. 

From the approach to Professor Jones' House, twenty-six rods. 

A new bridge with stone abutments has also been built over the 
stream which the approach road crosses, about midway between 
the entrance and the college building, and in two places where 
the road crossed deep depressions, grading was done at the ex- 
pense of considerable labor. 

A broad border was prepared last spring on the terrace, and 
orpamented with floweiing plants. Two pieces of ground were 
also laid out, the soil prepared and sown about the middle of 
September for lawns ; one north of the building the other north 
of the President's house. All these improvements have been 
made at a cost of student labor, team work, and material amount- 
ing in the aggregate to $1,511.87. 


Many of the trustees will remember that last fall an urgent de- 
mand was made outside the institution for a winter session. 
Such a session, however, was for reasons well known to you, 
found to be impracticable. It is now thought to promise better 
results to the farmers, that Farmers' Institutes, somewhat similar 
in method to the Teachers' Institutes, should be held by a few of 
the older members of the faculty, in different sections of the 
State. We propose that each institute shall last five days, and that 
its programme shall consist of lectures for day and evening ses- 

76 Report of the Farm Superintendent. 

sions, on Stock Breeding and Management, Fruit Culture, Farm 
Accounts, and kindred topics. The first Farmers' Institute is 
already appointed in Cedar Falls, to open on the 20th instant. The 
second is to commence on the 3d of January, at Council Bluffs, in 
response to an earnest invitation from the farmers of that county, 
and the third will be held in Muscatine, by desire of its citizens ; 
time not fixed. A fourth may be held in Boonesboro' or Ames. 
Now it is desirable that this new experiment should be tried with- 
out much expense to the farmers in attendance, and if the trustees 
should see fit to appropriate a moderate sum for travelling ex- 
penses, it would, I have no doubt, be wisely expended. Professor 
Jones,Trofessor Matthews, and myself, will conduct the exercises. 


The following additional officers should be appointed for next 

A Matron to take charge of the young ladies when not engaged 
in labor. Such a lady will be wanted also to teach some branches 
in the Freshman Class. 

An officer to fill the Professorship of Practical Agriculture, one 
of the most important professorships in the College. 

I recommend also that Professor Foote be elected to a 2nd class 
Professorship of Chemistry ; salary, $1,500. 

That Mr. Chas. E. Bessey's salary be raised to $1,250 a vear, and 
that both these gentlemen be required to furnish their own rooms. 

Report of Superintendent of Farm read, and referred to Com- 
mittee on Farm : 


To the Honorable Board of Trustees of the Iowa State Agricultural 
College : 

Gentlemen : — As by law required, I hereby present to you my 
annual report of the present condition of the Farm, Stock, and 

Report of the Farm Superintendent. 


implements, and of the farm operations since July 1st, 1870, at 
which time I took charge of the same : 


I found the wheat looking finely, and ready for the reaper, 
which was started immediately. 
Four lots of experimental wheat produced the following results : 








Lot No. 1 

Lot No. 2.... 
Lot No. 3.... 
Lot No. 4.... 

4 inches 
5^" inches 
7^| inches 
8% inehes 



14 bus. 17 lbs. 
18 bus 28 lbs. 
22 bus. 42% lbs. 
22 bus. 51>£ lbs. 

I think the best part of the field was chosen for the above ex- 

These lots were all plowed in the spring and sown April 8th' 
with Italian wheat. They were harvested July 7th. 

The remainder of the same field, containing nine acres, plowed 
in the spring, and sown at the same time with the same variety of 
wheat, produced 118 bushels, being at the rate of 13 and one- 
ninth bushels per acre. Whole number of bushels, 153 and eigh- 
teen sixtieths ; whole cost, $77.39 ; cost per bushel, 50>£cts. 

On the 7th of April, the former superintendent, Hon. H. M. 
Thomson, sowed two bushels of White Michigan spring wheat on 
very nearly one acre of "first breaking" prairie sod. The land 
was a gravelly knoll, full of boulders which prevented the plowing 
being well done. Harvested, July 11th. Produced 7% bushels 
equal in quality to the very best winter wheat. My opinion is 
that this variety, with an equal chance, will produce as much in 
quantity, and of far better quality, than the Italian. This wheat 
was donated to the College by P. Mclsaacs & Co., of Waterloo, 
Black Hawk county, for the purpose of testing its value in this 

78 Report of the Farm Superintendent. 

This fall I began a series of experiments on several of the win- 
ter varieties of wheat, rye, and oats, mostly from the Department 
of Agriculture, at Washington. The results will be given in next 
year's report. 


Three varieties of barley — ChevaMer, Saxonian, and Probestier, 
from the Department of Agriculture — were sown April 12th. 
All proved nearly a total failure, attributed partially to the ex- 
cessive drouth, and partially to the fact that the land was not 
such as is best adapted to the production of this grain. 


Thirty and one half acres were sown. Owing to the drouth, 
imperfect preparation of the ground, and other circumstances 
beyond our control, as well as the fact that a portion of the land 
was partially under water the greater portion of last year, the 
product was but eight hundred and fifty -four measured bushels, 
of rather inferior quality. Nearly all of the land on which this 
crop was grown has since been thoroughly underdrained, and 
promises better results in the future. Whole cost $164.93 ; num- 
ber of bushels per acre 28 ; cost per bushel 19}^ cts. I judge the 
cost, if estimated by weight, would reach 25 cents per bushel. 


Sowed twelve and one-half acres, Sept. 23d, and seeded the 
ground with Timothy before last harrowing : both looking very 
well. Will sow two quarts of clover seed per acre in the spring. 
Total cost for seed, labor, and grass seed $84.26. 


Fonnd the corn clean, and of good color, but rather small. 
Cultivated it four times during the season, and went through 
with hoes twice. 

Report of the Farm Superintendent. 79 

Total number of acres raised, sixty-tbree ; busbels harvested, 
two thousand and thirty. Number of bushels per acre 32% ; total 
cost $656.40 ; cost per bushel 33 cents. 

The field south of the railroad produced nearly twice as much 
per acre as that on the north side. The greater part of the for- 
mer was well manured, while the latter received none. I believe 
the difference in results to b» attributable mostly, if not entirely, 
to the liberal application of manure. And here I would suggest 
that in the future, at least a part if not all of the fertilizers used on 
the college garden, and ornamental grounds be procured from 
some other source than the Farm. This pressing want may be 
partly supplied by utilizing the night soil and sewage of the Col- 
lege. There is also a bog northeast of the barn that I believe has 
much fertilizing material in it. If after subjecting it to a chemi- 
cal test, the results are at all favorable, T think it would be well 
to dig a few loads of it, and experiment with it the corning year. 
Even if both of the above auxiliaries to the compost heap should 
prove a success, it will not be enough to produce such results as 
should be attained ; and I therefore recommend, the purchase, (in 
small quantities at first,) of some well tried commercial fertilizers. 


The severe drouth diminished the hay crop more than fifty per 
cent. It was, however, of very superior quality, and was secured 
without rain. 

Twenty-four and one-half acres were cut, producing but twenty 
one tons. 

Wild hay was equally short and thin, except in the wettest 
" sloughs " which produced only very coarse grass. When made 
into hay this was little, if any, better than good straw. Thirteen 
and one-half tons were secured at a trilling cost. Total num- 
ber of tons 34>£ ; cost per ton $3.89. Knowing that this would 
not be enough to winter the stock on hand, I bought sixty tons 
at $2,75 per ton. 

80 Report of the Farm Superintendent. 


Two acres were planted with Early Yorks, and produced " small 
potatoes and few in the hill." About four acres of Peach-blows, 
that bid fair to be a total failure, September 15, receiving some good 
showers the latter part of the month, made the unprecedented 
growth of five hundred bushels in less than six weeks. Total 
amount raised, six hundred and ninety-two bushels. Estimated 
number of bushels in Farm cellar at present date, four hundred. 
Total cost $150.49 ; cost per bushel 21 5-6 cents. 


Two and one-half acres were sown in drills, two and one half 
feet apart, and thinned to one foot in the row. They were hoed 
twice, and cultivated three times. Number of bushels gathered, 
one thousand and fifty-four. I consider them 25 per cent, inferior 
to carrots, pound for pound. Total cost $97.32; cost per bushel 
9% cents. 


Sowed three and seven-eighths acres in drills, two and one-half 
feet apart, and thinned to eight inches in the row. Cultivated 
same as mangel wurzels. Product one thousand and twenty bu- 
shels. Total cost $117.27 ; cost per bushel 11>£ cents. 


Sowed, July 25th in drills, two and one-half feet apart ; thinned 
to six inches in the row. Nearly one-half were totally destroyed 
by the turnip maggot, and the remainder, three and one-half 
acres, were also badly injured. 

Product, two hundred and seventy-four bushels, fed without 
topping to the cattle during the month of November. 

Total cost, $78.16 ; cost per bushels, 24 and nine-tenths cents. 

Report of the Farm Superintendent. 81 


Built, since July 1st, four hundred rods of board fence, and 
ninety-eight rods of rail fence, enclosing some seventy acres here- 
tofore lying in commons. Built out-pens with old. lumber, on 
three sides of hog-house, nine feet wide and sixty feet long. Also 
put in improved troughs, which are much superior to any others 
I have ever seen. The room is still too limited, accommodating, 
at present, but thirty-five hogs. 

For information in regard to improvements in farm house, and 
building of corn-house and hennery, see Report of Building Com- 


Laid, one hundred and ninety rods in oat field, northwest of 
College building ; a part of this was abandoned drain. (See Third 
Biennial Report, page 43.) 

In addition to this there were also laid six hundred and two 
rods (two hundred and fifty of it in College garden) at a depth of 
three feet eight inches. Paid for digging, laying tile, and partial 
filling, sixty cents per rod. 

In my opinion, there could henobetter investment found for five 
hundred dollars a year for several years to come, than the judi- 
cious expenditure of it in laying tile drain. 


Broke twenty-one and one half acres of prairie sod for corn, 
plowed seven inches deep, using a three-horse team ; part of it 
was subsoiled. The wild grass on the above was nearly pastured 
out. Also plowed thirteen acres of wheat stubble preparatory 
for corn the coming year. The future oat ground, fourteen acres, 
is well plowed and ready for the seed in its appropriate season. 
Twelve acres of spricg wheat ground are also prepared. 

Measured off one acre, and plowed fourteen inches deep by sub- 
soiling ; also measured off an additional acre, plowed seven inches 

82 Report of Military Department. 

deep ; will add several plats to these in the spring:, plowing in like 
manner ; all for experimental wheat ground. 

Have hauled out over five hundred loads of manure, part on 
College garden, part on meadow and future corn ground. Have 
contracted for splitting twenty-four hundred flat rails and posts 
at $1.50 per hundred, and the cutting of one hundred cords of 
wood at 75c. per cord. 

Plowed seven acres in College garden, fourteen inches deep, by 
subsoiling. (See Prof. Bessey's Report.) Also four acres for 
vineyard, same depth. (See Prof. Mathews' Report.) 



Report of the Department of Military Tactics and Engineering 
read and referred to Executive Committee. 


Hon. A. S. Welch, President: 

Sir : — I have the honor tc submit, for your information, the 
following report of the department of Military Tactics and En- 
gineering for the past collegiate year. 

During the first term a class of fifty students was instructed in 
infantry tactics, comprising the schools of the soldier and com- 
pany ; also a class of twenty students received instruction in 
broad sword exercise. During these primary exercises, much care 
was taken to form the habit of an erect carriage, and soldierly 

The exercises of the second term of the past year, comprised 
the school of the company, and bayonet drill. The class was also 
instructed in target practice, at the respective ranges of one, 
three, five, and six hundred yards. The arm used was the U. S. 
breech loader, furnished by the State government. 

Report of Department of Chemistry. 83 

The class drilled in some of the different exercises three times 
a week, when the weather permitted, and inspection of arms and 
accoutrements was made every Saturday. 

The company organization conforms strictly with the United 
States Regulations, and the company officers, and non-commis- 
sioned officers, are severally instructed in the duties which devolve 
upon their respective ranks. The majority of the class furnished 
themselves with uniform, which added much to the soldierly ap- 
pearance of the company, In this connection I would respect- 
fully suggest that a uniform be adopted for the entire school, 
which, while it partakes largely of a military character, will also 
be suitable to be worn by the students upon all occasions during 
their connection with the College. 

In concluding this report, I would call your attention to the 
need of a shed or some protection for a piece of artillery, which 
will be required for the proper instruction of the class throughout 
the ensuing year. 

Respectfully yours, 


Report of the Department of Chemistry read and referred to 
Committee on Organization : 

Hon. A. S. Welch, President. 

Dear Sir :— I have the honor of submitting the following re- 
port of operations in the Department of Chemistry during the 
year 1870. 

The Sophomore Class was the only one pursuing the study 
this year. Hereafter, there will be no time in the year when 
there will not be two classes pursuing the study. General 
Chemistry was taken up during the first term, Analytical 
Chemistry, during the last term. The first term's work 

84 Report of Department of Chemistry. 

acquainted the student with the facts, theories, and laws of 
chemistry ; the second term's work fitted him to perform qualita- 
tive analyses of all the more common inorganic substances, 
besides making him practically acquainted with the facts of 
chemistry, and the laws which govern the science. Such sub- 
stances were analyzed, during the second term, as guano, common 
salt, iron ores, bone ash, ashes, building rock, and many other 
common substances, numbering in all ninety. 

Total Disbursements during the year $2405.21 

Apparatus and chemicals on hand, invoiced at $1821.50 

Received from students 245.66 

Received from College, on account of students 257.37 

Total credit $2324.53 

Excess of disbursements $80.68 

This sum is about the amount expended in class illustrations 
during the term in which General Chemistry was taught. The 
sum with which the laboratory is credited for chemicals and 
apparatus is the result of an invoice taken two weeks after the 
close of the school year. It is believed to be nearly correct. The 
expenses of the students this year are considerably higher than 
they will be in the future, since we were obliged to use alcohol in 
our chemical work, instead of gas ; carry all our water by hand 
from the well to the attic, and be at many other expenses which 
will not be necessary in the new laboratory. Owing to the fact 
that I had no skilled assistance, I was obliged to purchase many 
chemicals the manufacture of which can be carried on profitably 
by the laboratory. The plan which has been adopted of detailing 
some of the best students in chemistry for chemical work, and the 
purchase of the necessary apparatus, will enable us to conduct the 
laboratory much more economically. 

In order to carry on the instruclion of the class next year in a 
proper manner, I estimate that at least $1000 should be expended 

Report of Department of Pomology. 85 

in illustrative apparatus. The amount of such apparatus now on 
hand is exceedingly small. For the tables, cases, and furnaces of 
the new laboratory, it is estimated that $2,000 will be sufficient. 
For chemicals and apparatus, $2,500 are needed. The expendi- 
ture of $1,500 for chemicals and apparatus will put the labora- 
tory in a proper working order, but we are so far from a base of 
chemical supplies that it is necessary for us to keep in store quite 
a stock of such articles. In conclusion, I would state that the 
enthusiasm shown by the class, and the progress made by them, 
was exceedingly pleasant to their teacher. 

Very respectfully submitted, 


Report of the Department of Pomology read and referred to 
Committee on Horticulture. 

Hon. A. S. Welch, President. 

Dear Sir : — In this my last report for 1870, it may not be amiss 
to refer very briefly to the operations in my department during 
the year, as well as to offer a few suggestions for the future. 

When my services commenced last spring, it was rather too late 
to begin looking out for such trees, vines, and small fruits as were 
required to meet the coming wants of the institution, and to 
overcome the still greater difficulty of procuring at that time, the 
appropriate varieties of suitable age and size for transplanting. 
For these reasons I was unable to do more than to make a small 
beginning. I may add too, that even if these obstacles had not 
existed, the ground was not in condition for successful planting ; 
nor with all the other work which was pressing imperiously upon 
us, could it have been prepared in due time. 

I planted out, however, in the best manner I could, 294 apple 
trees, procured from reliable sources, as follows : 25 Winesap, 25 

86 Report of Department of Pomology, 

Fameuse. 100 Grimes' Golden, 100 Perry Russet, 25 Jonathan, and 
12 Tetofsky. Early apples, such as I would be willing to plant, 
(except the few Tetofsky, and they only two years old) I could 
not obtain. 

Of strawberries I procured and planted the following : 1,000 
Nicanor, 1,000 Ida, 1,000 Green Prolific, 1,000 Longworth's Pro- 
lific, 500 Crimson Cone, 500 Scarlet Cone, and 100 Kramer's Seed- 
ling ; in all 5,100. 

Also of Raspberries, 200 Philadelphia, 200 Doolittle, 100 Mam- 
moth Cluster, and 100 Golden Cap ; and also 300 Currants com- 
posed of Red Dutch, Cherry, Dana's Transparent, Victoria and 

Oi grapes I planted the following — 204 Concord ; 50 Rogers* 
Hybrid, No. 13 (so called) ; 50 Rogers' Hybrid, No. 4 ; 35 Rogers' 
Hybrid, No. 19 ; 27 Rogers' Hybrid, No. 43; 9 Rogers' Hybrid, No. 
44 ; 14 Hartford Prolific, and 11 Telegraph, in all, 400. 

Out of these I saved all but ten, and that without watering, not- 
withstanding the extreme drought which prevailed during the 
spring and summer. The rest made a fair growth k and I have 
carefully saved all the cuttings for planting in the spring. 
They turned out as follows— Concord, 837 ; Rogers Hybrid, No. 
13, 408; Rogers Hybrid, No. 4,350; Rogers' Hybrid, No. 19, 200; 
Rogers' Hybrid, No. 43, 200 ; Rogers' Hybrid, No. 44, 40 ; Hartford 
Prolific, 200, and Telegraph 15. Total 2,250. These were all 
yearling plants, except about one dozen of the Concords which 
Vere two years old. 

I will add, that I have now about 15,000 strawberry plants, they 
having increased considerably since my October report. The 
total amount expended in fruit trees and vines for planting last 
spring, was $203, (adding freights, about $220), which includes 72 
crabs, 36 plum trees, and 14 cherries, planted out in nursery rows 
for the reason, that on examination I found some of them badly 
injured by the October freeze of 1869. Those affected the worst, 
were the Lombard, Plum, and Hewe's Virginia Crab. That 
injury, however, was no indication of a want of hardiness in 

Report of Department of Pomology, 87 

these kinds, for by the sudden and severe fall freeze of last year, 
in many cases the hardiest varieties we have, were the most 
seriously injured. Most of these can be successfully planted next 

Of the small Evergreens procured last season and planted in 
nursery rows, about seven thousand survived the destructive 
effects of the dry weather, which, under the circumstances, was 
more than we could have expected. These, in from three to four 
years will be ready for transplanting into the lawn or arboretum. 

To start orchard, vinejard, and fruit garden which will, when in 
bearing, supply the wants of the students and others connected 
with the College, I would suggest, that we ought to plant apple 
trees enough next spring to increase the number in the orchard to 
at least one thousand, and vines enough to enlarge the vineyard 
in a like proportion. We should also set out about 2,000 Raspberry 
plants. In another year we could then have a reasonably supply 
of raspberries, strawberries, and currants, and by the next season 
in addition to these, an abundance of grapes. 

I think four hundred dollars would cover the cost of all, includ- 
ing the addition of about fifty each of the hardiest and best plums 
and cherries. 

After these purchases of trees, vines, and plants, next year, I 
think but little out-lay will be required for any further additions, 
except a small annual sum for two or three years, to start the 
nursery and experimental grounds. 

After getting a reasonable commencement, we shall have at the 
College Farm facilities for procuring new and promising varieties 
of fruits, by exchange and otherwise, which no private individual 
can have ; and I submit, whether we can not, by starting a 
nursery and experimental orchard confer as great a benefit upon 
the citizens of Iowa, if not greater, than by any other branch of 
the agricultural operations on the farm ? 

My present connection with the practical agricultural interests 
of ths Institutiou I trust will justify me in submitting for your 
consideration and recommendation (should you concur with my 

88 Cashier's Report, 

views) whether, as soon as time and the circumstances will allow, 
our Farm Superintendent and Professor of Horticulture, as well 
as the Professor of Pomology, should not be prepared to send out 
gratis, in small parcels, to any citizen of the State desiring it, 
grains, seeds, tubers, vines, cions, etc., of such new and valuable 
cereals, vegetables, and fruits, as we may be enabled to collect 
and test from year to year on the College Farm ? 

Is there any way in which so much can be done in the dissemi- 
nation of Agricultural, Horticultural, and Pomological produc- 
tions to the people of Iowa ? We shall have, or ought to have, 
the means of experimenting, and determining what will and what 
will not succeed in our locality; and of all such experiments, and 
information as we may gain, I think the tax payers of the State 
are justly entitled to the benefit. I doubt if this matter can be 
too seriously considered or too strongly urged upon our attention. 

I will suggest one item out of many I could name. Suppose by 
experiment we find, and send out to the farmers, a variety of 
corn, which will yield five bushels more of good sound corn to the 
acre than any kind now known, and in common use. Let any 
one add this to our present, or last year's crop, and compute it at 
the minimum price of corn per bushel, and he will be greatly 
surprised at the aggregate amount it will yield annually to 
the farmers of the State ; and yet, this is but a single item out 
of many which might be named if I had not already protracted 
this report beyond what 1 intended. 

Respectfully submitted, 


Report of Cashier read, and referred to Executive Committee. 

Cashier's Report. 


Statement of the Cashier of business done by the virious Committees, 

by the Farm Superintendent, and by himself upon the JPresi~ 

dent's order, as s7imvn upon liis books, from January 1, 

to November 30, 1870, inclusive. 


V . 


o 6 . 

<p m 

05 W 

h ** 


GQ S- •!-> 

s a 

to P a 

£> 0) 


» X> « 



M -2 3 



W ^ 

Incidental expenses 

Fires and lights 



Chemical incidental expense 





Tuition (in music) 

$ 3591.00 


1368 26 



7 49 




7 93 
1784 48 


207 34 



3583 07 

1408 63 



257 37 






$17401 94 $299.20 

Excess of disbursements above receipts, showing current ex- 
penses of college, $17002.74. 






>- ■>- 










Machines and tools 

Philosophical apparatus. 


Ornamental grounds 

Orchard , 

Chemical apparatus 

Military department 

Nursery , 

Vineyard , 

Small fruits , 

Museum , 


Garden , 

1990 70 

588 39 

2329 65 

1516 82 

157 88 

1796 93 

53 90 

189 04 


151 25 

87 97 





588 39 


1516 82 

157 88 

1796 93 

53 90 

189 04' 

134 11 

151 25 


6 89 

503 05 

Total of expenses ordinary, $9506.59. 


Cashier's Report. 









Receipts from 


to ^ 







7376.931 3.11 
* 3744 251 191.88 

153 63 

College building 

3552 37 

1439 14 

316 00 


Professors' houses 

A. S. Welch's house 


New well 




Excess of disbursements above receipts, showing exoenses 
extraordinary, $12855.32. 












co A 

co '3 




265 54 

43 38 

470 42 

656 40 





134 27 


117 27 


2647 44 

378 6 i 













164 92 

6 43 


134 27 

117 27 

97 32 
902 98 







corn field 




barley " 


wheat " 



hay u 



carrot " 


beet " 



1744 46 


1975 50 

2635 62 








" boarding-house 

Saw logs 


Excess of disbursements above receipts, showing farm expenses, 
$1890 56. 

In the above no account has been taken of crops, etc., on hand. 

Cashier's Report 






o . 

^ « 


« =2 

° s 

ft a 

s ? 


a S 

3 £ 


0) *^ 



w ft 

S « 


Corn crib ) appropriation 
and >$800, over- 

Farm house ) drawn $8 85. . 

Professor Anthony's house. 

Gas house 

Workshop .3543.19 5865 10 

Kng. house. 101 37 71.30 

Ch. stack.. 226 29 

fixtures.. 217.18 

Lime house 195 64 

Laboratory building 

( appropriation 

Horse barn -{$2500, over- 1 
(drawn 92 37.. 

South side road 

College extension 

Farm til P ( appropriation 
SL;« 1 1000 00, over- 
dram (drawn 32.21.. 

Farm implement shed 

Farm improvements 


225 54 

1426 31 

473 29 




131 41 




841. 10 



225 54 









1006 50 






Excess of receipts above disbursements, $12785 87. 




*0 oo 









00 <u 
00 o 










Sundry fields, (1871) 

New farm lands 




1123 63 


Bills receivable 


Freight draw-backs 


Interest fund 


Cash (amount on hand) 

U. N. Bank 



Personal accounts (balance.) 


92 Report of Superintendent of Garden. 



Current expenses $17002.74 

Ordinary expenses 9506.59 

Extraordinary expenses 12855.32 

New farm lands 5205.00 

Farm 1890.56 

Sundry Fields, (1871) , 356.01 

Personal accounts 62.16 

Cash on hand 112 47 

Stock on hand, (school-books, &c.) 2016 07 

Total $49006 92 


Interest fund $34541.32 

Appropriations 12785 89 

Bills receivable 286.60 

Freight draw-backs 1123.63 

U. N. Bank 269 48 

Total $49006.92 

Respectfully submitted, 

G. W. JONES, Cashier. 

Report of the Horticulturist read, and referred to the Commit- 
tee on Horticulture. 


HON. A. S. WELCH, President.— Dear Sir :— 

I herewith present my report of work done on the College Gar- 
den during the year ending Dec. 1st, 1870. 

Report of Superintendent of Garden, 93 


Began work March 11th ; made hot-bed, and started early 

Cleared the ground designed for Garden purposes, of rubbish, 
corn stalks, cane roots, etc. Then manured somewhat over two 
acres and a half, putting on the whole about two hundred and 
twenty five loads. 


As soon as the ground became dry enough it was plowed. This 
however was not well done, being plowed altogether too shallow 
to withstand the drouth which soon came on. After plowing, the 
whole was laid out into nine blocks, one hundred and sixty by 
two hundred and seventy-two and a fourth feet, separated by drives 
fifteen feet in width. One acre of this, on the east side, was 
turned over to Professor Mathews, for small fruits ; and it was 
decided not to break up the south-east half acre of sod, so that in 
the Garden proper there are seven acres and a half, exclusive of 
the space taken up by the drives. 


The ordinr.ry Garden crops were planted in their time. All 
suffered more or less from the excessive drouth of the spring and 
summer. There were raised in all one hundred and eighty vari- 
eties of vegetables, comprising plants of twenty-three different 


Forty-three varieties ot potatoes were procured in May from the 
Gardens of the Agricultural College at Lansing, Michigan ; thirty- 
six from Reisig and Hexamer, of Westchester county, New York ; 
and two from parties in this State ; making, in all, eighty-one 
varieties. These were planted with a view to ascertaining their 

91 Report of Superintendent of Garden. 

comparative merits in this locality. The results are not as satis- 
factory as was hoped, on account of the drouth. This much, 
however was ascertained : that the potato beetle prefers to attack 
certain varieties, while other varieties it entirely avoids, or attacks 
but little ; among those most free from its ravages are the several 
varieties of the Peachblow, the Peerless and Chili No. 2. The last 
named, continued growing up to the severe frosts of October, and 
yet no signs of the work of the beetle were to be seen. 


Forty-four varieties of tomatoes were also tried for a like pur- 
pose. For general culture Extra Early Red did by far the best 
this season— ripening with the earliest, and continuing to the end 
of the season. Gen. Grant, Tilden, and Fejee are worthy of gen- 
eral introduction. 


A bed was prepared, and set with the Linnaeus variety of Rhu- 
barb, A large percentage of the plants were killed by the 
drouth. Such as lived are doing well, and will be ready for use 
next season. 


This fall a bed was begun for Asparagus, by heavily manuring, 
and then thoroughly plowing and subsoihng. It will be re-ma- 
nured during the winter, and then subsoiled again in the spring, 
when it will be ready for plants. 


During the fall two hundred and sixty rods of tile draining 
were put down under the supervision of the Farm Superinten- 
dent, Mr. Roberts. These drains, though not yet sufficient, will 
do much to better the land. 

At the close of the season, the crops were removed, (excepting 

Report of Executive Committee, 95 

parsnips and salsify), and the ground manured, and then care- 
fully plowed and subsoiled, and left in the rough for winter. 


About seventy or seventy-five loads of well rotted manure are 
on the ground in piles ready for use as top-dressing next season. 


College Garden, Dr. 

To student and hired labor $606.57 

To seeds, tools, and apparatus 295.14 

Total $901.14 


By sales of vegetables $398.61 

By tools on hand 71.00 

By vegetables, seeds, etc., stored 90.00 

By manure on hand, 70 loads at 75 cts. per load 52.50 

By experiments 75 00 

By permanent improvements 214.60 

Total $901 .14 

All of which is respectfully submitted. 


Report of Executive Committee read, and referred to a Special 
Committee, consisting of Messrs. Bacon, Tenney, and Kilburn. 


The Executive and Building committee, according to their in- 
structions received from the Board at their meeting, May 4th, 
1870, proceeded to the work of erecting the wings of the College 

1)6 Report of Executive Committee. 

Building, a work shop, laboratory, horse-barn, Professor's house, 
g as house, corn crib, hen house, and root cellar, and of supplying 
water for college and barn. Also purchasing teams, wagons, and 
harness, and such other general business as in their judgment 
needed attention. 

They advertised for proposals for building the wings ot the 

ollege, to be completed March 1st, 1871. They received six bids 

but the terms offered were in the judgment of the Committee, 

not within the limits of the appropriation, and were consequently 

all r( jected. 

They then advertised for proposals to complete the wings Oct . 
1st, 1871, and received five bids, of which, the bid of Fawcett 
Bros., was the lowest, and to them the contract was consequently 
given for the sum ot $39,475. 

Fawcett Bros, have at this date completed the basement of both 
wings, and the brick walls of the south wing up to the second 
story. Thus far the work has been done in a thorough and sub- 
stantial manner, entirely to the satisfaction of the Committee. 
Fawcett Bros., have been paid according to the estimates made 
by N. P. Stark, the architect of the college, the sum of $10,401.50. 

A frame work-shop 50x30 feet, two stories high, was by direc- 
tion of the Committee built by Mr. Stark, by day labor, at a cost 
of $2,680.09. 

The engine-house and laundry, size 27x23% feet, two stories 
high, and smoke stack oi brick, fifty feet high, have been let by 
contract, for $1,393.00. The stack is completed, also the founda- 
tion for the engine-house, and boiler, on which have been paid 

A brick laboratory 60x30 feet, one story, with basement, is 
nearly completed at a cost of $4,442 69. 

A horse- barn (brick) 30x40 feet, has also been built by the archi- 
tect, at a cost of $2,592 37. 

A Professor's house is under contract to be built by J. M. Linnel, 
for the sum of $3,630.00, on which have been paid on estimates 
duly made $1,4°6.31. 

Report of Executive Committee, 97 

The extension of the President's house far exceeded the esti- 
mate of the architect, his estimates given to the Committee being 
$500.00, and the addition costing $1,439.14. 

A brick gas-house 20 feet, 4 inches, by 28 feet 6 inches, was put 
up by contract with Fawcett Bros., at a cost of $350 00. 

A corn crib and hen-house, 12x42 feet, sixteen feet high, with 
basement 12x15 feet, has been added to the old barn, and the entire 
barn painted. A portion of the basement of this barn has been 
fitted up for a root cellar, and the remainder prepared for cattle 
stalls, at a cost of $565.01. 

The farm house has been so changed as to enlarge the kitchen, 
fit up the east wing for the Secretary's office, and to re-arrange 
the old office for a private parlor. 

A well has been dug near the rear of the horse barn, which 
affords an ample supply of water for the stock. 

The Committee made an effort to supply water for the College 
BuildiDg, the laboratory, and engiue boiler, by* digging a well 12 
feet in diameter, where it could be pumped by the windmill. 
After sinking it to a depth of 30 feet, they became convinced that 
it would not supply water in sufficient quantity for the purposes 
desired, and discontinued the work. 

The Committee have since commenced a reservoir, south of the 
laboratory, which when completed will, they believe, furnish water 
enough for all the purposes. 

Mr. John H. Bacon, who was appointed by the Board to pur- 
chase teams, having been excused at his own request, Superintend- 
ent Thomson who was directed to buy two teams, purchased one 
span of horses, and a mare with colt by her side, at an aggregate 
cost of $621 25. 

Under direction of the Committee a new double spring wagon 
was bought to replace the old spring wagon which had become 
unsuitable for the business of the college. Also a set of new 
harness for the black team. 

Upon an examination of the financial condition of the College 


98 Report of Committee on Stock. 

and Farm, we found that there has been an excess of $19,073.77, 
expended upon College Building for heating, lighting, supplying 
water, &c, and upoa Professor's houses an excess ot 110,791.72, 
over appropriations from the interest fund. We found that the 
utmost economy was necessary in every department. 

Other items of this report will he found in the minutes of the 
meetings of this Committee, which are made a part of this report. 

Report of Committee on Stock read, and referred to Committee 
on Farm. 


To the Honorable Board of Trustees of the Iowa State Agri- 
cultural College : 

At the meeting of the Board in May, 1870 the undersigned were 
elected as Stock Committee. 


Among the cattle we found a white bull which was purchased 
by a committee appointed two years ago, of the Hon. James O. 
Shelden, of Geneva, N. Y., paying the sum of six hundred dollars 
for said animal. From all indications he proved non procreative, 
consequently was worthless to the Farm. 

Upon correspondence with Mr. Shelden we learned that he did 
not consider himself under any obligation as to the merits of the 
animal's perfection; but that he would be willing to exchange 
another animal, provided we would pay him the difference 
between the prices. We concluded to throw ourselves upon the 
mercy of Mr. Shelden, and asked him to send us another animal 
in the place of said bull ; whereupon he sent us a roan bull, aged 
two years, well bred, and we are satisfied that he is in every 
respect far superior to the white bull. 

Report of Committee on Stock. 99 

Mr. Shclden authorized the Chairman to sell or dispose of the 
white bull for beef or otherwise. We sold him for sixty dollars, 
which was remitted to Mr. Sheldon, and he returned a receipt in 
full, and was perfectly satisfied with the result. 

We wish here to say, that in our business transactions with Mr. 
Sheldon we have found him to be a gentleman who has dealt 
fairly and honestly by us. 

Mr. Thompson, the ex-Superintendent,was authorized to purchase 
an Ayshire bull, which was necessary for the purpose of breeding 
our Ayshire cows and heifers. He purchased one under three 
years old of Mr. King, of Minnesota, costing, delivered here, two 
hundred dollars. 


There was a great want of horse power to conduct the business 
of the Farm, and Mr. Thompson was authorized to purchase two 
teams. He bought a fine mare, with colt by her side, also a pair 
of black geldings four years old. We find that the geldings and 
sucking colt are not such as we desire to keep on the Farm, and 
accordingly we are of the opinion that they ought to be sold. We 
also find some other horses which we do not think advisable to 
keep, and advise the sale of them. 


Wishing to change the males of this class, we purchased of Tim- 
othy Day, of Van Buren county, an improved Berkshire boar, at a 
cost of twenty-five dollars and transportation, also a Chester boar 
of E. W. Horton & Co., of Muscatine county, at a cost of forty 
dollars and freight. The latter parties made us a donation of a 
fine young boar, for which donation we hereby return him our 
sincere thanks. 

All of which is respectfully submitted. 

John H. Bacon, Chairman Stock Committee. 

100 Report of Department of Physics. 

Report of Department of Physics and Practical Mechanics read, 
and referred to Committee on organization. 


Hon. A. S. Welch, President Iowa State Agricultural College. 

The branches of science that fall in my depart m- nt being exper- 
imental, all the facts having been demonstrated by experiment, 
none, not even the deductions from well settled general principles, 
being considered fully established till they have been verified ex- 
perimentally, it seems important that apparatus for demonstrat- 
ing these truths should be provided as early as possible. A cab- 
inet of apparatus suited to the character of the instruction that 
should be given in an institution, such as our B,>ard of Trustees 
desires to establish, will cost probably $25,000. Ic cannot of 
course be all purchased at once, but I would urge that as large an 
amount of money as can be, be appropriated to that purpose. As 
our course of study is arranged, the subjects of Mechanics and 
Physics are completed in the Junior year. All those subjects will 
be taught next year therefore, and the whole set of apparatus 
could be used as profitably next year, as at any time in the future. 
Any lack of apparatus next year will be so much denied to our 
present classes, and it is for that reason I urge the expenditure of 
all the money that can be spared from other things, for apparatus. 
Eight or ten thousand dollars judiciously expended, would enable 
us to illustrate many of the most important principles, but I 
should not consider it good policy, for the purpose of m .king a 
small sum cover a large amount of ground, to buy cheap appara- 
tus. I would not, for example, purchase a balance to illustrate 
the detei ruination of spicific gravity, which c >uld not be used for 
accurate determinations. I would not purchase an instrument to 
illustrate the telegraph, which could njt be actually employed 
for sending dispatches. 

Report of Department of Physics. 101 

I do not consider it sufficient that the student should zee the ex- 
perimente ; he should perform them with hisown hands. Eminent 
Physicists all over the world are coming to this conclusion, and 
11 Physical Laboratories," where students can perform physical 
experiments, and learn the methods of experimental research, 
have been established, and are in successful operation. Professor 
Pickering speaking of the physical laboratory, connected with the 
school of Technology in Boston, says : " The scale on which this 
laboratory has been tried, is such as to render its success no longer 
a matter of conjecture." It will be no expeiiment, therefore, to 
establish in this institution, a laboratory large enough to accom- 
modate all our students in physics ; and at the proper time I shall 
urge that appropriations be asked, to supply more room for this 
purpose. It would be my plan to make the work-shop serve such 
a purpose for the mechanical students. I should make the work 
educational, as far as practicable, and to that end would prepare 
a series of exercises calculated to give the students some knowl- 
edge of the use of tools, and at the same time serve as illustra- 
tions of mechanical principles. There will be needed in the work- 
shop to make it serve this purpose well, and to enable us to keep 
our apparatus, and machinery in repair, a wood lathe, a lathe and 
planer for metals, an upright drill, a forge, and a number of hand 
tools, costing altogether about $2,000. I think the work shop can 
in that way be made an exceedingly valuable adjunct to the class 
work in mathematics, and at the same time enable us to con- 
struct a large number of models, and simple pieces of apparatus, 
much cheaper than they could be purchased. 


Bills of Messers. Wright, Buchanan, and Mitchell, members of 
the Executive and Building Cemmittees presented and allowed. 

On motion, the report of the Military Department was taken 
from the Committee to which it had been referred, and referred to 
the new Executive Committee. 

102 Report of Committee on Horticulture. 

The Committee on Horticulture to whom was referred the 
reports of the Horticulturist, and of the Department of Pomology 
reported as follows : 


To the Board of Trustees of the State Agricultural College and 
Farm : 

Tour Committee on Horticulture, to whom was referred the 
reports of Mr. Bessey on Horticulture, and Prof. Mathews on Po- 
mology, beg leave to submit the following report : 

We have examined the report of Mr. Bessey, and the grounds 
prepared by him for gardening purposes, and we are satisfied 
with the manner in which he has managed his department, and 
have no doubt but the work which he has in contemplation 
will prove of great benefit to the students, and the College itself. 

We find that a well, and a small tool-house, are needed in the 
garden itself for the use of this department, and would recommend 
that a small amount be appropriated for this object, out of any 
funds which can be applied for that purpose. 

We find the trees and plants in Prof. Mathews' department 
doing well, and promising well for the future, and would recom- 
mend that trees and plants be put out as fast as they can be, to 
supply the future wants of the College and Farm. 

As to recommendation of Prof. Mathews, in regard to the dis- 
tribution of seeds, plants, &c, we are of the opinion that the 
object of the College work is to diffuse knowledge upon subjects 
connected with the Agricultural, Horticultural, and other inter- 
ests which are here taught among the people, and not to establish 
a depot for receiving and distributing seeds, &c, which can be 
procured at seed stores ; and believe the same result which 
Prof. Mathews seeks may be obtained by the legitimate, educa- 
tional and practical work of the College. 

Respectfully submitted. 

G. F. Kilbuun, Chairman of Commitee on Horticulture. 

Report of Committee on Oi^ganization. 103 

Report amended by striking out the recommendations for well 
and tool-house, and adopted as amended. 

The following officers were duly elected for the ensuing year : 

/Secretary and Farm Superintendent — I. P. Roberts. 

Executive and Building Committee— Messrs. Wright, Buchanan, 
and Mitchel. 

Committee on Organization — Messrs. Stanfield, Melendy, and 

Committee on Farm — Messrs. Tenney, Richardson, and Alien. 

Committee on Stock — Messrs. Bacon, Woodbury, and Leffingwell. 

Committee on Horticulture — Messrs. Kilburn, Allen, and Tenney. 

Cashier— Geo. W. Jones. 

Treasurer— Samuel E. Rankin. 

On motion Resolved, That the President of the Agricultural 
College and Farm be Ex-officio a member of the Executive Build- 
ing Committee, and of the Committee on Organization. 

The Committee on Organization, to whom was referred the 
recommendations of the President on various subjects reported 
as follows : 


Your Committee on Organization, to whom have been referred 
the recommendations of the Piesident on various subjects, respect- 
fully report : 

First, That it is important that a matron to take charge of the 
young ladies, when not engaged in labor, and to assist in teach- 
ing, be employed ; and recommend that President Welch be 
authorized to employ a suitable person at a reasonable salary, not 
to exceed $800. 

Second, Your Committee recommend that the chair of Practical 
Agriculture be not filled at the present session. 

Third, Your Committee recommend that Prof. Foote be elected 
to a second class professorship of Chemistry, with a salary of 

104 Report of Committee on Organization, 

$1500 per year. That the salary of Charles E. Bessey be raised to 
$1250 ; and that both of the above named persons hereafter be 
expected to furnish their own rooms. 

Fourth, Tour Committee further earnestly recommend that the 
salary of General Geddesbe increased $200. 

The Committee further recommend that an appropriation of 
$2000 be made from the proper fund for the benefit of the Library, 
provided the said fund will admit of said appropriation after the 
ordinary expenses of the College have been paid. 

Kespectfully submitted. 

O. O. Stanchfield, 
Chairman of Com. on Organization. 

Moved that the report be adopted. Carried. 

Report of Geo. W. Bassett, Land Agent, was read, and referred 
to a Special Committee of three, viz. Messrs. Kilburn, Melendy, 
and Allen. 

On motion, Mr. Melendy was added to the Committee on Stock, 
to act pro tern for Mr. Leffingwell, absent. 

On motion Resolved, That the Stock Committee in conjunction 
with the President and Farm Superintendent, be instructed to 
sell at public auction, whatever stock is now on the farm, which 
they may deem for the best interests of the College and Farm to 
be di-posed of. 


December 15th, Board met pursuant to adjournment. 

President Welch in the chair. 

Minutes of previous meeting read and approved. 

Committee on Selling Stock, reported through their Chairman 
Mr. Bacon. Report adopted. 

Report of Treasurer read, and referred to Executive Committee. 


Office of Treasurer of Board of Trustees of Iowa ) 

State Agricultural College, V 

Oes Moines, Iowa, Dec. 7, 1870. ) 

To the Honorable Board of Trustees of the Iowa State Agricul- 
tural College : 

Gentlemex : 

I have the honor to submit the following annual report of the 
financial transactions of this office during the fiscal year commenc- 
ing January 10, 1870, and closing December 6th, 1870, inclusive ; 
being a statement in detail, showing the receipts and disburse- 
ments in the different funds daring that period, and the balance 
on hand, or overdrawn, as the case may be, in each fund at the 
present date. 

The Legislature at its last session having changed the time for 
the annual meeting of the Board of Trustees from the second 
Monday of January in each year to the first Wednesday of Decem- 
ber in each year, it becomes necessary to make up this report 
before the receipt of the January interest on moneys invested, and 
on lands leased, but in order to make as favorable a showing for 
the endowment interest fund as possible, I have passed to its 
credit the interest falling due January 1, 1871 on Iowa State 
bonds, amountiog to five hundred and four (-$504) dollars. 

On the 18th day of November, I received from Thos. J. Stone, 
Agent at Sioux City, for the sale of College lands, t-ix hundred 
and forty ($640) dollars, by him received from Elizabeth T. Brown- 
lee and Wm. T. Brownlee, of Scott county, Iowa, in payment for 
n. e. % and s. e. }£ of sec. 30, tp. 98, r. 47. I had no means of 
knowing whether these were a part of the lands granted by 
Congress, and belonging to the " Endowment Fund," or were a 
part of the lands purchased by direction of the Board, and 
belonging to the " Interest Fund," tut presuming from their 
location that they were of the latter, I passed the amount to the 
credit of the Interest fund. 

I would respectfully suggest that there should be some record, 


106 Treasurer's Report. 

or statement on file in this office, by which when lands are sold, 
and the purchase money therefor paid in, it could be ascertained 
to what class the lands belonged, and to what fund the money 
received therefor should be credited. 

No patents have yet been issued by the State to the Brownlee's 
for these lands, from the fact that the proper certificates of pur- 
chase have not been obtained or presented, by the agent or pur- 
chasers. I have called Mr. Stone's attention to Sections 1, and 4, 
of Chapter 117, laws of the Tenth General Assembly, which give 
full direction as to the manner of sale of all lands belonging to 
the College. 

As directed by the Board at their last meeting, I have prepared 
a statement showing the amount of interest collected from " En- 
dowment Interest Fund," invested by direction of the Board, in 
State, and county stocks, and lands. This statement only extends 
over the years 1868, 1869, and 1870, as I have no data from which 
to ascertain, what amount of " Endowment Interest Fund " was. 
invested, and drawing interest previous to January 1868. The 
attention of the Board is respectfully called to this statement, 
which shows that the interest fund has not been idle, but has itself 
earned for the Institution in three years, the respectable sum of 
four thousand one hundred and sixty two dollars and fifty-five 
cents, ($4,162.55.) 

For a full and detailed statement of the several amounts re- 
ceived and paid out, from whom receiyed, and to whom paid, and 
the present condition of the several funds, you are respectfully 
referred to the accompanying report. I would respectfully ask 
that a committee be appointed to examine, and compare my 
books and vouchers, for the year this day closed. 

All of which is most respectfully submitted. 


Treas'r Iowa Agr'l College Board. 

Treasurer's Report. 107 

Sam'l E, Rankin, in accH with Agricultural College Building Fund. 
1S70. Dr. 

May 27. To appropriation by Thirteenth Gen- 
eral Assembly $50,000.00— $50,000.00 

1870. Contra. Cr. 

Jan. 8. By balance over drawn $ 687.25 

June 23. By am' t paid Wright and Buchanan 136 60 

July 21. By amount paid Geo. W. Jones 1,009.00 

Aug. 4. By amount paid Geo. W. Jones 2,000 00 

Aug. 23. By amount paid Geo. W. Jones. . . . 5,500.00 
Sept. 8. By amount paid Geo. W. Jones, 

with exch . . . 5,001 25 

Oct. 5. By amount paid Geo. W. Jones 3,000.00 

Nov, 25. By amount paid Geo. W. Jones, 

with exch 3,002.50 20,327.60 

Balance in Treasury $29,672.40 

Sam'l E. Rankin, in acc't with Agricultural College Farm Fund. 
1870. Dr. 

Jan. 8. To amount to balance $673.07 

Feb. 8. To amount received lrom J. D. Wright.. 82.50 


1870. Contra Cr. 

Feb. 18. By amount paid Geo. W. Jones $755.57 $755.57 

Sam'l E. Rankin, in account with Farm Improvement Fund. 

1870. Dr. 
May 27. To appropriation by Thirteenth Gen- 
eral Assembly $2,000.00 $2,000.00 

108 Treasurer's Report. 

1870. Contra. Cr. 

Sept. 8. By amount paid Geo. W. Jones.. ,...$1,000 00 $1,000 00 
BaKnce in Treasury $1,000.00 

Sam'l E. Rankin, in Account with Workshop Building Fund. 

1870. Dr. 

May 27. To appropriation by Thirteenth 

General Assembly $5,000.00 5,000.00 

1870. Contra. Cr. 

May 27. By amount paid Geo. W.Jones with 

exch $2,501.25 

June 7. By amount paid Geo. W.Jones with 

exch 2,501.88 5,003.13 

Dec. 7. To amount to balance overdrawn.. 3.13 

Sam'l E. Rankin, in account with Laboratory Building Fund. 

1870. Dr. 

May 27. To appropriation by Thirteenth 

General Assembly $5,000.00 5,000.00 

1870. Contra. Cr. 

Sept. 2. By amount paid Geo. W.Jones with 

exch $2,501.88 

Sept. 22. By amount paid Geo.W.Jonss with 

exch 2,501.87 

Dec. 7. To amount to balance overdrawn.. 3.75 

Sam'l E. Rankin, in account with Granary, Stable and Tool- 
House Fund. 
1870. Dr. 

Jan. 8. To amount to balance 2,000.00 2,000.00 

Treasurer's Report, 109 

1S70. Contra. Cr. 

July 6. By amount paid Geo. W. Jones with 

exch 2,002.50 2,002.50 

Dec. 7. Amount to balance overdrawn 2.50 

Sam'l E. Rankin, in account with Hog and Hen-house, and Corn 
Crib Fund. 

1870. Dr. 

Jan. 8. To amount to balance 800.00 800.00 

1870. Contra. Cr. 

Nov. 2. By amount paid Geo. W. Jones... 800.00 800.00 

Sam'l E. Rankin, in account with Tile Draining Fund. 

1870. Dr. 

May 27. To appropriation by Thirteenth 

General Assembly 1,000.00 1,000.00 

1870. Contra. Cr. 

Sept. 8. By amount paid Geo. W. Jones.. . 500 00 

Nov. 2. " " " " " u ... 500.00 1,000.00 

Sam'l E. Rankin, in account with Professors' Houses Fund. 

1870. Dr. 

May 27. To appropriation by Thirteenth 

General Assembly 4,503.00 4,500.00 

1870. Contra. Cr. 

Jan. 8. By balance overdrawn 5.62 

Nov. 9. By amount paid Geo. W. Jones 

with exch 3,001.87 3,007.49 

Balance in Treasury 1,492.51 

110 Treasurer's Report. 

Sam'l E. Rankin, in account with Seed and Plant Fund. 

1870. Dr. 

May 27. To appropriation by Thirteenth 

General Assembly 500 00 500.00 

Sam'l E. Rankin, in account with Gasometer Building Fund. 

1870. Dr. 

May 27. To appropriation by Thirteenth 

General Assembly 500.00 500.00 

Sam'l E. Rankin, in account with Endowment Interest Fund. 

1870. Dr. 

Jan. 8. To balance brought down $21,249.30 

Mar. 1. To three $1000 State bonds with int. 3,035 00 

Apr. 1. To am't rec'd from Geo. W. Bassett. 7,426.34 

May 5. To am't rec'd from Story co. bonds. 1,000.00 

May 5. To int. rec'd from Story co. bonds.. 337 .'»5 

June 30. To am't rec'd from Geo. W. Bassett. 7,241.44 

Oct. 5. To am't rec'd from Geo. W. Bassett. 8,672.89 

Dec. 1. To am't rec'd from Thos. J. Stone. . 640.00 

Dec. 5. To int. rec'd from Iowa State bonds 742.00 

Dec. 5. To int. rec'd from Treas'r of State. 238.00 


1870. Contra. Cr. 

Jan. 19. By amount paid A. S. Welch $2,000 00 

Jan. 19. By amount paid exch'e on above... 2 50 

Jan. 29. By amount paid Geo. W. Jones 1,500.00 

Feb. 10. By amount paid Geo. W. Jones 1,500.00 

Feb. 10. By am't paid exch. on $500 of above. 63 

Feb. 19. By amonnt paid Geo. W. Jones 1,500.00 

Mch. 1. By cash on three $1000 State bonds 

with interest 3,035 00 

Treasurer's Report. Ill 

Mch. 10. By amount paid Geo. W. Jones 1,500.00 

Men. 10. By amount paid exch'e on above... 1.88 

Mch. 17. By amount paid A. Mathews 83 33 

Mch. 22. By amount paid Geo. W. Jones 1,500.00 

Mch. 22. By amount paid exch'e on above. . . 1.88 

Mch. 30. By amount paid Geo. W. Jones 1,500.00 

Mch. 30. By am't paid exch. on $500 of above. 63 

Apr. 13. By amount paid Geo. W. Jones 1,500.00 

Apr. 13. By am't paid exch. on $500 of above. 63 

May 3. By amount paid Geo. W. Jones 1,000.00 

May 3. By amount paid exch'e on above. .. 1.25 
May 5. By amount paid for Story co. bonds 

surrendered 1,000.00 

May 5. By amount paid Geo. W. Jones 2,000.00 

May 7. By am't paid Des Moines Iron Works 12 32 

May 7. By amount paid H. M. Thompson.. 800.00 

May 22. By amount paid Geo. W.Jones 1.500.00 

July 6. By amount paid Geo. W. Jones 1,500.00 

July 18. By amount paid Geo. W. Jones, 

with exchange 1,501.25 

July 25. By amount paid Geo. W. Jones, 

with exchange 1,501 88 

Aug. 10. By amount paid J. H. Bacon 200. 00 

Sept. 16. By amount paid Geo. W. Jones, 

with exchange 1,501.87 

Oct. 5. By amount paid Geo. W. Jones, 

with exchange 1.501 25 

Nov. 2. By amount paid Geo. W. Jones, 

with exchange 1,702.13 

Dec. 5. By amount paid Geo. W. Jones, 

with exchange 3,001 25 34,349.68 

Bal. Eudow't Int. Fund in Treas'y $16,232.64 

Of the above balance of $16,232.64 of the Endowment Interest 
Fund remaining in the Treasury, there is invested in State and 
county bonds as follows, viz : 

112 Treasurer's Report. 

Iowa 7 per cent State stocks due Janurary 

1, 1881 $10,600.00 

Story county 7 per cent bonds due July 1, 

1869 3,550.00 

Whole amount invested in State and county 

bonds 14,150.00 $14,150,00 

Cash balance Endow't Int. Fund in Treasury. $ 2,082.64 

General Balance. 
Dec. 7. To total receipts in Agr. College 

Building Fund 150,000.00 

" To total receipts in A ■ r. College 

Farm Fund 755.57 

" To total receipts in Farm Im- 
provement Fund 2,000.00 

" To total receipts in Workshop 

Building Fund 5,000.00 

" To total receipts in Laboratory 

Building Fund 5,000.00 

" To total receipts in Granary, 

Stables, and Tool-house Fund 2,000.00 
" To total receipts in Hog and Hen 

house and Corn Crib Fund . . 800.00 

" To total recepts in Tile draining 

Fund 1,000.00 

" To total receipts in Professor's 

Houses Fund 4,500.00 

11 To total receipts in Seed & Plant 

Fund 500.00 

" To total receipts in Gasometer 

BuildiogFund 500.00 

" To total receipts in Endowment 

Interest Fund 50,582.32 

Total receipts $ 122,6:37. 89-$122,637. 89 

Treasurer's Report, 113 

1870. Cb. 

Dec. 7. By total disbursements in Agr. 

College Building Fund 20,327.60 

By total disbursements in Agr. 
College Farm Fund 755.57 

By total disbursements in Farm 
Improvement Fund 1,000.00 

By total disbursements in Work- 
shop Building Fund 5,003.13 

By total disbursements in Labor- 
atory Building Fund 5,003.75 

By total disbursements in Gran- 
ary, Stables, and Tool- House 
Fund 2,002.50 

By total disbursements in Hog 
and Hen House and Corn Crib 
Fund 800.00 

By total disbursements in Tile 
Draining Fund 1,000.00 

By total disbursements on Pro- 
fessor's Houses Fund 3007.49 

By total disbursements in En- 
dowment Interest Fund 34,349.68 

Total disbursements $73,249.72— $73,249.72 

Total balance, bonds, and currency 49,388.17 

Deduct amount invested in State and County 
Bonds 14,150.00 

Cash balance in Treasury $35,238.17 

1870. Dr. 

Dec. 7. Agr. College Building Fund, bal- 
ance in treasury $29,672.40 

114 Treasurer's Report. 

Farm Improvement Fund, bal- 
ance in treasury 1,000.00 

Professor's House Fund, balance 
in treasury 1,492.51 

Seed and Plant Fund, balance in 
treasury 500.00 

Gasometer Building Fund, bal- 
ance in treasury 500.00 

Endowment Interest Fund, bal- 
ance in treasury 16,232.64 — $49,397.55 

1870. Cr. 
Dec. 7. Workshop Building Fund, over- 
drawn 3.13 

" Laboratory Building Fund, over- 
drawn 3.75 

" Granary, Stable, and Tool-House 

fund, overdrawn 2.50 9.38 

Excess of debit balance in treas- 
ury of $49,388.17 

Statement showing the Interest received from time to time on 
investments made of interest received from Endowment Interest 
fund commencing with the year 1868. 

May 13. Interest on Story County 7 per cent bonds $603.80 


Jan. 1. Interest on State of Iowa 7 per cent bonds 714.00 

May 19. Interest on Story County 7 per cent bonds 534.70 

July 1. Interest on State of Iowa 7 per cent bonds 353.50 

Sept. 28. Interest on Story County 7 per cent bonds 97.20 

Report on President's Report. 115 


Jan. 1. Interest on State of Iowa 7 per cent bonds 441.00 

Mar. 1. Interest (2 months) on 3 $1,000 State of Iowa of 

Iowa 7 per cent bonds 35.00 

May 5. Interest on Story County 7 per cent bonds 337 35 

Dec. 1. Interest fund lands sold by Thos. J. Stone 304.00 

Dec. 5. Interest on State of Iowa 7 per cent bonds 742.00 

Total $4,162 55 

On motion JResolved, That all orders of the President for money 
drawn on the Treasurer, be drawn on the fund to which the 
mooey properly belongs. 

Report of T. J. Stone, Land Agent read, and referred to the 
Special Committee upon Mr. Bassett's report. 

On motion, certain promissory notes now in Treasurer's hands, 
were referred to the Executive Committee. 

On motion, Messrs. Rankin, Wright, and Melendy, were ap- 
pointed a Special Committee to make a proper adjustment of the 
amount of interest due the "Interest on Interest Fund," that the 
same may be turned over to that fund, in accordance with the law 
and evidence in the case. 

Report of Committee on President's report, relative to Manual 
Labor, was received and placed on file. 


To the Board of Trustees of tlw Stite Agricultural College : 

Tour Committee, to whom was referred that portion of the 
President's report respecting manual labor, do most earnestly 
recommend that the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and 5th clauses thereof be 
adopted as expressed therein. 

Also, in regard to the ornamental grounds, we most cheerfully 
approve of the manner and efficiency of the work performed. 

116 Report of Special Committee. 

Also, in respect to the construction of roads, we fully approve of 
the tasteful designs and the great utility of the improvements. 

Likewise, in regard to the Farmers' Institutes, without hesita- 
tion we entirely coincide with the President's plans, and believe 
that great good will result therefrom, and most earnestly desire 
that a sufficient amount may be appropriated to defray the neces- 
sary expenses thereof. 

R. A. Richardson, Chairman. 

Report of Committee on Report and Recommendations of Su- 
perintendent of Farm, was received and placed on file. 


To the Board of State Agricultural College : 

Tour Committee, to whom was referred the report of the 
Superintendent of the Farm, most respectfully report that we 
fully approve of the very able and efficient manner in which the 
various departments of the farm have been conducted. Also 
recom nend, that the amount of funds for draining pur- 
poses be appropriated, if possible. 

In addition thereto, we would recommend that all necessary 
implements be furnished to facilitate the operations on the farm ; 
and, as soon as practicable, the large fiat which is subjected to 
overflowing, be seeded in portions with blue grass, timothy and 

Also, that several acres of corn ground be sown with rye the 
last of July, or about the first of August, for the purposes of pas- 
turage, to supply the present deficiency thereof. 

Also, that at least one acre of cabbage be cultivated for feeding 

stock. Likewise, that a meteorological account be kept ; and that a 

dynamometer be purchased in order to fully test the draft of plows 

and machinery. 

R. A. Richardson, Chairman. 

Report of Committee on Mileage, 117 

A Special Committee on Mileage was appointed by the Chair : 
Messrs. Buchanan, Bacon, and Allen. 

On motion, Resolved, That an appropriation of two hundred 
dollars, be made from the Interest Fund for furnishing bedding, 
furniture, and such articles as are necessary for the use of the 
farm house, the same to be expended by the Superintendent of 
ihe farm. 

On motion, Resolved, That all promissory notes in favor of the 
College and Farm, be placed in the hands of the Treasurer for 

Committee on Mileage reported. 


Tour Committee, to whom was referred the mileage of the 
Trustees of the Agricultural College and Farm, respectfully 
report the following : 


First O. H. P. Buchanan 440 $66.00 

Second J.D.Wright 456 69.00 

Third J.A.Woodbury 536 8L 00 

Fourth W.Allen 250 37.50 

Fifth G. F. Kilburn 318 48.00 

Sixth J.H.Bacon 450 69.00 


Eighth O. O. Stanehfield 220 33 00 

Niuth P. Melendy 340 5100 

Tenth R.A.Richardson 400 60.00 

Eleventh I. J. Mitchell 40 6 00 

Twelfth C. W.Tenny... 340 51.00 

O. H. P. Buchanan, Chairman. 

On motion, Resolved, That Messrs. Stanehfield, and Mitchel, be 
allowed per diem, and expenses for their attendance, Dec. 7th. 
Oa motion, Resolved, That the President be requested to forward 

118 Appropriations , &c. 

copies of his Annual Report, (together with such facts embraced 
in the reports of the different departments, and Building Com- 
mittee, as he may consider of general interest) to the Iowa Home- 
stead, and the State Register, for publication. 

The report of Committee on Oreanizatian, on the reports of the 
Departments of Chemistry and of Physics, and Practical Mechan- 
ics, was considered by items. 

On motion, Resolved, That $2,500 be appropriated out of Interest 
Fund for chemical^, and for fitting up the laboratory, the same to 
be expended under the direction of the Executive Committee. 

On motion, Hesolved, That the sum of $6,500 be appropriated for 
the Department of Ph)sics and Mechanics. 

On motion, Hesolved, That $5,000 be appropriated for the pur- 
chase of horses, wagons, harness, milk cows, fat cattle, and ma- 

On motion, Hesolved, That $1,000 be appropriated for the Li- 

On motion, Resolved, That the per diem and expenses of Mr. 
Stanchfield, (amounting to $20) while in the transaction of busi- 
ness connected with buying of land adjoining the College Farm, 
be allowed. 

On motion, the verbal report of Mr. Stanchfield's regarding said 
purchase was accepted. 

On motion, Messrs. Wright, and Buchanan, were appointed a 
Special Committee to wait on Mr. Gilmore, and make settlement 
with him. 

The Special Committee to whom was referred the report of the 
Executive and Building Committee, reported in favor of its 

Their report was adopted. 

The Special Committee to whom was referred the settlement 
with Mr. Gilmore, reported as follows : That Mr. Gilmore is to 
reciive at the rate of $50 per annum, in addition to his regular 
wages from the 5th of May last, to the 1st of April, 1871, also, a 
bonus or recompense for his loss and inconvenience in moving at 

Report of Committee on Land AgenVs Report. 119 

60 late a season of the year $50, also, house rent, and fire wood, 
free of charge until April 1st, 1871. Report adopted. 

The Special Committee on Land Agent's Report, reported as 
follows : 


We, the Committee to whom was referred the report of Mr. 
Bassett, and the statement of Mr. T. J. Stone, to the State Treas- 
urer, beg leave to submit the following report : 

We have examined the report of Mr. Bassett, and find that there 
are 50,697,43 acres of lands which have been forfeited by non-pay- 
ment of the annual interest. These lands were formerly apprais- 
ed at from two to three dollars per acre, before there was any 
immediate prospect of railroads near the land, that since that 
time railroads have been completed, and lands in that part of the 
State have greatly increased in value, and that by holding the 
same for a short time, and re-appraising the land, the same may 
brin? a greater price. We would therefore, reeommend that all 
forfeited and unsold lands be withdrawn from market, until fur- 
ther orders ; and we would further recommend, that the time for 
declaring a forfeiture of said lands be reduced from one year, to 
six months, as recommended by Mr. Bassett. 

We have had no time to examine Mr. Bassett's books, as we 
desired to do. We further find, that Mr. Stone has never made a 
report as required by this Board, and we find considerable land 
to have been placed in his hands, for which we have no account. 
We would therefore, ask further time to examime these reports, 
and the statement of Mr. Stone, and to report on the condition 
of our lands at a future meeting. 


W. ALLEN, y Committee. 


120 Report of Committee on Treasurer's Report. 

The Special Committee to whom the Treasurer' s report, reported 
as follows : 


Tour Committee, to whom was referred the Treasurer's report, 
have examined the same aud the vouchers, and find all correct. 
We find : 

Workshop fund overdrawn (exch) $3.13 

Laboratory fund " " 3.75 

Granary, stable &c, fund overdrawn (exch) 2.50 

Tour Committee would recommend that there be a contingent 
fund account opened, in which the interest on interest be kept, 
from which it can be drawn and transferred to such accounts as 
the best interest of the institution may require. 

James D. Wright, Chairman. 


On motion, further time was granted Executive Committee, for 
examination of Cashier's Report. 

On motion, the Secretary was instructed to make up a report of 
the farm, for the first half of the year just passed, from such infor- 
mation as he may possess. 

On motion, Resolved, That $50 be appropriated from the Interest 
Fund, to purchase a microscope for the Botanical Department. 

On motion, the Secretary was instructed to examine the records 
on matters pertaining to the Land Department, and to furnish 
the land agents with copies of all resolutions, and orders relating 

On motion the Secretary was instructed to furnish Mr. Melendy, 
with copies of the list of lands in the hands of Land Agent 
Stone, and of the contract with said Stone. 

On motion, Land Agent Bassett was instructed to furnish a list 
of forfeited lands, and of those lands which may hereafter be- 
come forfeited. 

Proceedings of the Board of Trustees, 121 

On motion, the report of the Special Committee to whom was 
referred a part of the President's Report relating to manual labor, 
&c., was taken trom the file and adopted. 

On motion, Resolved, That the Treasurer he instructed to charge 
the Endowment Interest Fund, with the sum of $6,162.55, and 
place the same to the credit of the contingent fund, this being 
the amount collected as interest upon Interest Fund up to this 
date, and that any part of the Endowment Interest Fund, now 
being used or, that may hereafter be used, for the benefit of any 
other fund, be charged to the fund for which it is used, and be 
credited to the Endowment Interest Fnnd, and that the same be 
considered an investment at 7 per cent interest, the interest aris- 
ing from such endowment being placed to tLe credit of the Con- 
tingent Fund. 

The report of the Committee on Farm, to whom was referred 
the report, of the Superintendent of the Farm, was taken from the 
file and adopted. 

The Committee on Stock reported as follows : 

At the public auction held this day, there were sold 16 head of 

cattle, 4 head of horses, 2 head of swine, and some machinery at 

satisfactory prices. 

JOHN H. BACON, Chairman. 
Report adopted. 

On motion, Jiesolved, That the thanks of the Board are tendered 
Mr. Bacon, for the able manner in which he has conducted the 
sale of stock, &c. 

Adjourned to meet at the call of the President. 


1. The Recitation hours of the day and the hours of the evening 
from seven to ten o'clock, except oq Saturday and Sunday even- 
ings, are set apart as study hours. 

2. During study hours all students except such as are detailed for 
work, shall study quietly in their rooms. 

3. During the study hours students may not leave their rooms, 
except for unavoidable reasons aDproved by the presiding officer 
of the section. 

4. Lights shall be extinguished at ten P. M. 

5. From ten P. M. till the rising bell are hours for sleep. During 
the hours of sleep no student may leave his room except for 
unavoidable reasons, nor in any way disturb his neighbors. 

6. On Saturday and Sunday evenings the same quiet order shall be 
maintained in the rooms and halls as on other evenings. But this 
rule shall not be construed to forbid students visiting each other's 
rooms, provided that not more than two visitors sball be in any 
room at a time. 

7. Loud talking, whistling, scuffling, gathering in hall or stair 
cases and boisterous and noisy conduct are at all times forbidden. 

8. All communication between the sexes shall be limited to the 
hours for recreation except by special permission. 

9. No student may take books from the library. 

10. Students shall preserve the same order in the library as in the 
recitation room. 


Rules of the College. 123 

11 Five miti rites from the ringing of the bells for meals, will be 
allowed for assembling in the dining-room, after which the doors 
shall be closed. 

12. Students shall attend promptly all exercises of classes to which 
they belong. When students have been absent from any recita- 
tion, it excused they may make up such recitation within two 

13. Students shall be detailed for labor by the President, and shall 
work as directed an average of two hours and one half per day for 
five days in the week. 

14. Examinations at the term's close shall be conducted in writing 
when possible, upon questions proposed by the instructors of the 
various classes. 

15. Students may not visit the dining room, laundry, kitchen, bak- 
ery, store-room, cellar, ice-house, workshop, or barns, nor walk 
through the meadows, lawns or growing crops, without special 

16. Tte use of intoxicating liquors is prohibited to members of 
the College. 

17. At the student's entrance into College and at the beginning 
of each month thereafter he shall deposit with the cashier the sum 
of ten dollars on account (or in default thereof give satisfactory 
security) and settle all bills in full at the close of each month. 

18. Students will assemble in the chapel every evening, and at 
three o'clock every Sunday afternoon, for public worship. 

19. Excuses for unavoidable absence from any exercise, will be 
granted by the President only upon personal application made by 
the student as early as possible after such absence. 

20. Students may not abstract or remove any article, whether 
clothing, food, furniture, tools, fruit, or any other property of the 

124 Rules of the College, 

21. At the beginning of each term there shall be elected from 
each section one councilman, one captain, and one lieutenant. No 
student who is a law-brea&er shall be eligible to any office of trust 
or honor in the College. 

22. It shall be the duty of the council to try all offenses reported 
by the captains of sections, and to report their proceedings to the 
faculty at such times as the faculty may require. The council 
shall hold two regular meetings each week for the purpose above 
named, at such time and place as may be most convenient. The 
council shall organize by choosing a president and secretary from 
their own number whose duties shall be the ordinary duties of 
such officers in deliberative assemblies. 

23. The business of the council shall be limited to the trial of 
offenses reported by the captains of sections. The president of 
the council shall in every trial preside as judge, and he shall ap 
point one member thereof to conduct the prosecution and one for 
the defense of the accused, and the trial shall be confined strictly 
to the offense reported. 

24. The accused shall be present during his trial, and shall have 
the privilege of cross-questioning witnesses in person or by his at- 
torney. The verdict and the number indicating the degree of de- 
merit shall each be given by vote of the council in which the pres- 
ident shall have only the casting vote. 

25. It shall be the duty of each captain and of his lieutenant in the 
captain's absence, to preserve order in his section according to law 
and report all violation of law to the councilman of his section, 
who shall file such report in the President's office for the secre- 
tary of the council. The captains of sections and their lieuten- 
ants shall meet once each week with the President at his office for 
informal report as to the condition of the government in their 
sections and to consult as to the best means of securing harmony 
and efficiency of action. 

Rules of the College. 125 

26. When the demerit marks of any student reach five in number, 
he will be warned by the President in private ; when his demerits 
reach ten, the President will again warn him and advise his friends 
of such action, with the reasons therefor ; for fifteen demerits he 
shall be required to withdraw from the College. 

27. The Faculty reserve the right to try all cases of disorder, 
disobedience, or immorality not herein enumerated. 

28. The Faculty reserve the right to expunge the demerit marks 
of any student, when less than five in number, upon bis subsequent 
blameless conduct. 

Syracuse, NY. 
Stockton, Calif. 


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